Annemarie Svane Aavild Poulsen

SorLA CR-Domains Protect the Amyloid Precursor Protein against Processing

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Arnela Mehmedbasic, Denmark
  • Sofie K Christensen, Unknown
  • Jonas Nilsson, Unknown
  • Ulla Rüetschi, Unknown
  • Camilla Gustafsen, Denmark
  • Annemarie Svane Aavild Poulsen
  • Rikke W Rasmussen
  • ,
  • Anja N Fjorback, Denmark
  • Göran Larson, Unknown
  • Olav M Andersen

SorLA is a neuronal sorting receptor that is genetically associated with Alzheimer's disease. SorLA interacts directly with the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and affects the processing of the precursor, leading to a decreased generation of the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide. The sorLA complement-type repeat (CR)-domains associate in vitro with APP, but the precise molecular determinants of sorLA-APP complex formation and the mechanisms responsible for the effect of binding on APP processing have not yet been elucidated. Here, we have generated protein expression constructs for sorLA devoid of the 11 CR-domains and for two sorLA mutants harboring substitutions of the fingerprint residues in the central CR-domains. We generated SH-SY5Y cell lines that stably express these sorLA variants to study the binding and processing of APP using co-immunoprecipitation and western blotting/ELISA assays, respectively. We found that the sorLA CR-cluster is essential for interaction with APP and that deletion of the CR-cluster abolishes the protection against APP processing. Mutation of identified fingerprint residues in the sorLA CR-domains leads to changes in the O-linked glycosylation of APP when expressed in SH-SY5Y cells. Our results provide novel information on the mechanisms behind the influence of sorLA activity on APP metabolism by controlling post-translational glycosylation in the Golgi, suggesting new strategies against amyloidogenesis in Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN0021-9258
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2014

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