Andreas Roepstorff

The impact of mindfulness-based interventions on brain activity: A systematic review of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies

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The impact of mindfulness-based interventions on brain activity : A systematic review of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies. / Young, Katherine S; van der Velden, Anne Maj; Craske, Michelle G; Pallesen, Karen Johanne; Fjorback, Lone; Roepstorff, Andreas; Parsons, Christine E.

In: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Vol. 84, No. January, 01.01.2018, p. 424-433.

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Young, Katherine S ; van der Velden, Anne Maj ; Craske, Michelle G ; Pallesen, Karen Johanne ; Fjorback, Lone ; Roepstorff, Andreas ; Parsons, Christine E. / The impact of mindfulness-based interventions on brain activity : A systematic review of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies. In: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 2018 ; Vol. 84, No. January. pp. 424-433.

Bibtex

@article{2ae2f5404d024694b81fafacb17e5a05,
title = "The impact of mindfulness-based interventions on brain activity: A systematic review of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies",
abstract = "Mindfulness-based interventions are increasingly used in the treatment and prevention of mental health conditions. Despite this, the mechanisms of change for such interventions are only beginning to be understood, with a number of recent studies assessing changes in brain activity. The aim of this systematic review was to assess changes in brain functioning associated with manualised 8-session mindfulness interventions. Searches of PubMed and Scopus databases resulted in 39 papers, 7 of which were eligible for inclusion. The most consistent longitudinal effect observed was increased insular cortex activity following mindfulness-based interventions. In contrast to previous reviews, we did not find robust evidence for increased activity in specific prefrontal cortex sub-regions. These findings suggest that mindfulness interventions are associated with changes in functioning of the insula, plausibly impacting awareness of internal reactions {\textquoteleft}in-the-moment{\textquoteright}. The studies reviewed here demonstrated a variety of effects across populations and tasks, pointing to the need for greater consistency in future study design.",
keywords = "Emotion regulation, Insula, Mindfulness, Mindfulness-based interventions, fMRI",
author = "Young, {Katherine S} and {van der Velden}, {Anne Maj} and Craske, {Michelle G} and Pallesen, {Karen Johanne} and Lone Fjorback and Andreas Roepstorff and Parsons, {Christine E}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2018",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.08.003",
language = "English",
volume = "84",
pages = "424--433",
journal = "Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews",
issn = "0149-7634",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",
number = "January",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of mindfulness-based interventions on brain activity

T2 - A systematic review of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies

AU - Young, Katherine S

AU - van der Velden, Anne Maj

AU - Craske, Michelle G

AU - Pallesen, Karen Johanne

AU - Fjorback, Lone

AU - Roepstorff, Andreas

AU - Parsons, Christine E

N1 - Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Mindfulness-based interventions are increasingly used in the treatment and prevention of mental health conditions. Despite this, the mechanisms of change for such interventions are only beginning to be understood, with a number of recent studies assessing changes in brain activity. The aim of this systematic review was to assess changes in brain functioning associated with manualised 8-session mindfulness interventions. Searches of PubMed and Scopus databases resulted in 39 papers, 7 of which were eligible for inclusion. The most consistent longitudinal effect observed was increased insular cortex activity following mindfulness-based interventions. In contrast to previous reviews, we did not find robust evidence for increased activity in specific prefrontal cortex sub-regions. These findings suggest that mindfulness interventions are associated with changes in functioning of the insula, plausibly impacting awareness of internal reactions ‘in-the-moment’. The studies reviewed here demonstrated a variety of effects across populations and tasks, pointing to the need for greater consistency in future study design.

AB - Mindfulness-based interventions are increasingly used in the treatment and prevention of mental health conditions. Despite this, the mechanisms of change for such interventions are only beginning to be understood, with a number of recent studies assessing changes in brain activity. The aim of this systematic review was to assess changes in brain functioning associated with manualised 8-session mindfulness interventions. Searches of PubMed and Scopus databases resulted in 39 papers, 7 of which were eligible for inclusion. The most consistent longitudinal effect observed was increased insular cortex activity following mindfulness-based interventions. In contrast to previous reviews, we did not find robust evidence for increased activity in specific prefrontal cortex sub-regions. These findings suggest that mindfulness interventions are associated with changes in functioning of the insula, plausibly impacting awareness of internal reactions ‘in-the-moment’. The studies reviewed here demonstrated a variety of effects across populations and tasks, pointing to the need for greater consistency in future study design.

KW - Emotion regulation

KW - Insula

KW - Mindfulness

KW - Mindfulness-based interventions

KW - fMRI

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028363475&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.08.003

DO - 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.08.003

M3 - Review

C2 - 28797556

VL - 84

SP - 424

EP - 433

JO - Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews

JF - Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews

SN - 0149-7634

IS - January

ER -