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Anders Dahl Kramer

Inhaled nitric oxide has pulmonary vasodilator efficacy both in the immediate and prolonged phase of acute pulmonary embolism

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BACKGROUND: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) effectively reduces right ventricular afterload when administered in the immediate phase of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) in preclinical animal models. In a porcine model of intermediate-risk PE, we aimed to investigate whether iNO has pulmonary vasodilator efficacy both in the immediate and prolonged phase of acute PE.

METHODS: Anesthetized pigs (n = 18) were randomized into three subgroups. An acute PE iNO-group (n = 6) received iNO at 40 ppm at one, three, six, nine and 12 hours after onset of PE. Vehicle animals (n = 6) received PE, but no active treatment. A third group of sham animals (n = 6) received neither PE nor treatment. Animals were evaluated using intravascular pressures, respiratory parameters, biochemistry and intracardiac pressure-volume measurements.

RESULTS: The administration of PE increased mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) (vehicle vs sham; 33.3 vs 17.7 mmHg, p < 0.0001), pulmonary vascular resistance (vehicle vs sham; 847.5 vs 82.0 dynes, p < 0.0001) and right ventricular arterial elastance (vehicle vs sham; 1.2 vs 0.2 mmHg/ml, p < 0.0001). Significant mPAP reduction by iNO was preserved at 12 hours after the onset of acute PE (vehicle vs iNO; 0.5 vs -3.5 mmHg, p < 0.0001). However, this response was attenuated over time (p = 0.0313). iNO did not affect the systemic circulation.

CONCLUSIONS: iNO is a safe and effective pulmonary vasodilator both in the immediate and prolonged phase of acute PE in an in-vivo porcine model of intermediate-risk PE.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care
Pages (from-to)265–272
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

    Research areas

  • Pulmonary embolism, inhaled nitric oxide, time, vasodilation

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