Anders Breinbjerg

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation as add-on therapy in children receiving anticholinergics and/or mirabegron for refractory daytime urinary incontinence: A retrospective cohort study

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AIMS: To investigate if children with daytime urinary incontinence (DUI) and overactive bladder (OAB) refractory to standard urotherapy and medicinal treatment, would experience improvement in symptoms after add-on treatment with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS).

METHODS: Children were retrospectively enrolled from tertiary referral centers at Aarhus and Aalborg University Hospitals. All data were retrieved from the patients' journals. All children were prescribed TENS as an add-on treatment to the highest-tolerable dose of medicinal treatment in a standardized regime of 2 h a day for around 3 months. Primary endpoints were the number of wet days per week (WDPW) and incontinence episodes per day. Effect of treatment was defined as greater or equal to 50% reduction in the frequency of DUI episodes. Secondary endpoints were to establish predictive factors for the effect of treatment using logistic regression.

RESULTS: Seventy-six children diagnosed with DUI and OAB refractory to treatment with standard urotherapy and pharmacological treatment, at the age of 5-16 years were included from February 2017 to February 2020. A reduction in WDPW (from 6.31 [5.86-6.61] to 4.27 [3.45-4.90], p < 0.05) and incontinence episodes per day (from 2.45 [1.98-2.91] to 1.43 [1.07-1.80], p < 0.05) was observed. Twelve patients became completely dry. At 6 months follow-up, seven of the 12 complete responders had relapsed while five remained dry. A history of constipation before TENS was a predictor of poor treatment response (p = 0.016).

CONCLUSIONS: TENS as add-on to anticholinergic treatment seems effective in a number of children with treatment-refractory DUI.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurourology and Urodynamics
Pages (from-to)275-280
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

    Research areas

  • EFFICACY, MONOSYMPTOMATIC NOCTURNAL ENURESIS, OVERACTIVE BLADDER, OXYBUTYNIN, PLACEBO, URGE INCONTINENCE, cholinergic antagonists, mirabegron, overactive, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, urge, urinary bladder, urinary incontinence

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