Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences

Alejandra Zaragoza Scherman

Efectos de las instrucciones y descripciones con y sin criterio en la adquisición y transferencia de una discriminación condicional de segundo orden.

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Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of instructions nd performance descriptions, with and without solution criterion, on the facilitation of contingency-substitution interactions. Thirty two college students, of both sexes, volunteered to participate, and were distributed in eight group, six experimental and two control. The experimental task consisted of a second-order matching-to-sample situation. Experiment 1 evaluated the effect of training in a first block with instructions specicifyin the criterio (Gruop !) or the correct response (Group 2) on the perfomance of intra-modal, extra-modal, extra-relational, and extra-dimensional transfer tests, as well as on the acquisition of a new task under instrumental non-corrective tranin and the same type of transfer tests in a second block. Experiment 2 evaluated the effect of choosing descriptions specifyng the criterion (Group 5) or the response (Group 6) during the first blok of training in the same tests and second training as in Experiment 1. Experiment 3 evaluated the joint effect of instructions plus descriptions specifying the criterion (Group 7) or the response (Group 8) during trainin, as in the first two experiments. Two control groups were used: one was exposed to a non-corrective instrumental traning (Group 3), and another to a corrective instrumental traning (Group 4). Results showed that groups 1, 4, and 6 performed better on transfer tests and on the second block. These findings are discussed in terms of the discriminative and linguistic intereactions promoted by the procedures being employed.
Translated title of the contributionEffects of the instructions and descriptions with and without criterion in the adquisition and transfer of a second-order conditional discrimination
Original languageSpanish
JournalActa Comportamentalia
Pages (from-to)61-95
Number of pages34
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes

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