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Graham Butler

Associate Professor

Graham Butler


Professor Graham Butler (B.A., LL.M., Ph.D.) is Full Professor of Law at the University of Southern Denmark.

His research and scholarship focuses on various aspects of European Union law (public law), including EU constitutional law, EU internal market law, EU external relations law, as well as EU administrative law, and EU procedural law.

Professor Butler has been named ‘DFF Sapere Aude Research Leader’ by Danmarks Frie Forskningsfond (the Independent Research Fund Denmark) for his writings in EU law.

He is the author/editor of several books, including:

  • Nordic Cooperation and the European Union: 50 Years of Legal Integration (Oxford: Hart Publishing/Bloomsbury, 2024) (ed, w/ Helle Krunke), 
  • Research Handbook on EEA Internal Market Law (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023), 
  • The EU Law of Investment: Past, Present, and Future (Oxford: Hart Publishing/Bloomsbury, 2023) (ed, w/ Xavier Groussot & Marja-Liisa Öberg), 
  • EU Internal Market Law (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023),
  • Shaping EU Law the British Way: UK Advocates General at the Court of Justice of the European Union (Oxford: Hart Publishing/Bloomsbury, 2022) (ed, w/ Adam Lazowski), 
  • EU External Relations Law: The Cases in Context (Oxford: Hart Publishing/Bloomsbury, 2022) (ed, w/ Ramses A. Wessel),
  • Constitutional Law of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (Oxford: Hart Publishing/Bloomsbury, 2019). 

He is the author of provisions regarding the legal dimension of the EU's internal market in Oxford Principles of European Union Law (Oxford University Press) on the free movement of capital, as well as the Oxford Encyclopedia of EU Law (Oxford University Press) on state monopolies of a commercial character. 

His research has been published in all the leading academic law reviews and journals in European law, including the Common Market Law Review, European Law ReviewEuropean Constitutional Law Review, European Law Journal, European Public Law, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative LawEuropean Foreign Affairs Review, European Business Law Review, the Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies, the Yearbook of European LawLegal Issues of Economic Integration, the Columbia Journal of European Law, Fordham International Law Journal, the Oxford Encyclopedia of EU Law, Nordic Journal of International Law, the Journal of International and Comparative Law, the Journal of European Public Policy, the Nordic Journal of European LawInternational Organizations Law Review, the Irish Jurist, the Journal of International Banking Law and Regulation, the Dublin University Law Journal, the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, amongst others. He has also contributed to several edited volumes and collections published by Oxford University PressCambridge University PressHart PublishingBloomsburyEdward Elgar PublishingRoutledgeIntersentia, and more. 

Professor Butler holds a number of academic degrees from University College Dublin (UCD), National University of Ireland (NUI); the University of Iceland (Háskóli Íslands); and the University of Copenhagen (Københavns Universitet), Denmark. 

He has delivered invited lectures, seminars, and speeches at Europe’s leading universities, public bodies, international organisations, and interest groups. These have been in, inter alia, Austria (University of Salzburg), Belgium (KU Leuven), Cyprus (University of Nicosia), Czech Republic (Charles University, Prague), Denmark (Aarhus University; Copenhagen Business School; Danish Military Intelligence Agency/Forsvarets Efterretningstjeneste; Danish Parliament/Folketinget; Roskilde University; University of Copenhagen), Finland (University of Helsinki), France (Sciences Po, Paris; University of Nantes), Germany (European Central Bank, Frankfurt), Iceland (University of Iceland, Reykjavík), Italy (LUISS, Rome; Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore/Catholic University of Milan; University of Pisa), Ireland (Dublin City University; Maynooth University; National University of Ireland; Royal Irish Academy; University College Cork; University College Dublin), Luxembourg (University of Luxembourg, Kirchberg), the Netherlands (Maastricht University; University of Groningen), Norway (University of Bergen; University of Oslo), Spain (University of Salamanca), Sweden (Lund University; Karlstad University; Stockholm University; Umeå University; University of Gothenburg; Uppsala University; Örebro University), and the United Kingdom (City, University of London; Newcastle University; Queen Mary, University of London; University of Aberdeen; University of Edinburgh). 

Professor Butler was a member of the Investigation on developments in the EU and Europe in the field of security and defense policy, and implications for Denmark (Udredning om udviklingen i EU og Europa på det sikkerheds- og forsvarspolitiske område og betydningen for Danmark) (2018-2019), commissioned and appointed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark (Udenrigsministeriet); and was awarded a fellowship within the legal research programme by the European Central Bank (ECB) relating to the independence of national entities and bodies and the Integrity of the EU banking and financial system.  

Professor Butler's research has been cited in a number of cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union, including:

  • Opinion of Advocate General Eleanor Sharpston in Case C-670/16, Tsegezab Mengesteab v Federal Republic of Germany (Grand Chamber), 2017, concerning the EU’s Area of Freedom, Security, and Justice (Justice and Home Affairs).
  • Opinion of Advocate General Michal Bobek in Case C-418/18 P, Puppinck and Others v European Commission (Grand Chamber), 2019, concerning, inter alia, the European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI), EU institutional law, scope of executive discretion, standards of judicial review, and EU procedural law – an appeal of a judgment of the EU General Court in Case T-561/14, One of Us and Others v Commission.
  • Opinion of Advocate General Evgeni Tanchev in Case C-730/18 P, SC v Eulex Kosovo (First Chamber), 2020, concerning, inter alia, the scope of the arbitration clause under Article 272 TFEU, the EU’s contractual relations, and the jurisdiction of the Court in the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) – an appeal of a judgment of the EU General Court in Case T-242/17, SC v Eulex Kosovo.
  • Opinion of Advocate General Gerard Hogan in Case C-134/19 P, Bank Refah Kargaran v Council of the European Union (Grand Chamber), 2020, concerning, inter alia, jurisdiction of the Court in actions for damages, restrictive measures (sanctions), and the legal aspects of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) – an appeal of a judgment of the EU General Court in Case T-552/15, Bank Refah Kargaran v Council of the European Union.
  • Opinion of Advocate General Evgeni Tanchev in Case C-283/20, CO, ME, GC and 42 Others v MJ (Head of Mission), European Commission, European External Action Service (EEAS), Council of the European Union, Eulex Kosovo (Fifth Chamber), 2021, concerning, inter alia, jurisdiction of the Court, the EU’s contractual relations, and the attribution of liability of EU missions. 
  • Opinion of Advocate General Priit Pikamäe in Case C-121/21, Czech Republic v Poland (Turów Mine) (Grand Chamber), 2022, concerning inter alia, inter-state cases and the jurisdiction of the Court, cross-border effects of economic activities, enforcement measures, environmental impact assessments, and environmental law. 

Professor Graham Butler (B.A., LL.M., Ph.D.), Full Professor of Law.

Website: grahambutler.eu 

Twitter: @GrahamButler1


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