Department of Political Science

Does Political Affirmative Action Work, and for Whom? Theory and Evidence on India’s Scheduled Areas

Press/Media: Press / Media

10/08/2020

Does political affirmative action undermine or promote development? We present the first systematic analysis of Scheduled Areas in India, home to 100 million citizens, where local political office is reserved for the historically disadvantaged Scheduled Tribes. A newly constructed dataset of 217,000 villages allows us to probe conflicting hypotheses on the implementation of the world's largest workfare program, the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. We find that reservations deliver no worse overall outcomes, that there are large gains for targeted minorities, and that these gains come at the cost of the relatively privileged, not other minorities. We also find improvements in other pro-poor programs, including a rural roads program and general public goods. Reservations more closely align benefits to each group's population share, allaying concerns of overcompensation for inequalities. Contrary to the expectations of skeptics, results indicate that affirmative action can redistribute both political and economic power without hindering overall development.

References

References

Titleक्या राजनीतिक आरक्षण कारगर है? यदि हाँ तो किसके लिए?
Media name/outletIdeas for India
Country/TerritoryIndia
Date18/08/2020
Descriptionक्या राजनीतिक आरक्षण विकास को कमजोर करता है या उसे बढ़ावा देता है, तो किसके लिए? यह लेख भारत के 'अनुसूचित क्षेत्रों' का विश्लेषण प्रस्तुत करता है, जहाँ ऐतिहासिक रूप से वंचित अनुसूचित जनजातियों के लिए राजनीतिक पद आरक्षित हैं। मनरेगा पर पड़ने वाले प्रभावों पर ध्यान देने से ज्ञात होता है कि आरक्षण का समग्र रूप से कोई बुरा परिणाम नहीं निकलता है। लक्षित अल्पसंख्यकों के लिए इसके कई लाभ हैं, जो अन्य अल्पसंख्यकों के बजाय अपेक्षाकृत विशेषाधिकार प्राप्त लोगों की कीमत पर आते हैं।
URLhttps://www.ideasforindia.in/topics/governance/does-political-reservation-work-and-for-whom-hindi.html
PersonsNicholas Haas, Saad Gulzar, Benjamin Pasquale
TitleDoes political reservation work, and for whom?
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletIdeas for India
Media typeWeb
Country/TerritoryIndia
Date11/08/2020
DescriptionDoes political reservation undermine or promote development, and for whom? This article presents an analysis of India's 'Scheduled Areas', which reserve political office for the historically disadvantaged Scheduled Tribes. Focusing on the effects on MNREGA, it shows that reservation delivers no worse outcomes overall. There are large gains for targeted minorities, which come at the cost of the relatively privileged rather than other minorities.
URLhttps://www.ideasforindia.in/topics/governance/does-political-reservation-work-and-for-whom.html
PersonsNicholas Haas, Saad Gulzar, Benjamin Pasquale
TitleDoes political reservation work, and for whom?
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletYouTube
Media typeWeb
Duration/Length/Size1:46
Country/TerritoryIndia
Date10/08/2020
Producer/AuthorIdeas for India
URLhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-PYgMUsGsh4&feature=emb_title
PersonsNicholas Haas, Saad Gulzar, Benjamin Pasquale
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ID: 194772918