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Zeolite application increases grain yield and mitigates greenhouse gas emissions under alternate wetting and drying rice system

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  • Yan Sha, Shenyang Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Daocai Chi, Shenyang Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Taotao Chen, Shenyang Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Shu Wang, Shenyang Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Qing Zhao, Shenyang Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Yinghao Li, Shenyang Agricultural University
  • ,
  • Yidi Sun, Yangzhou University
  • ,
  • Ji Chen
  • Poul Erik Lærke

Clinoptilolite zeolite (Z) has been widely used for reducing nutrient loss and improving crop productivity. However, the impacts of zeolite addition on CH4 and N2O emissions in rice fields under various irrigation regimes are still unclear. Therefore, a three-year field experiment using a split-plot design evaluated the effects of zeolite addition and irrigation regimes on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, grain yield, water productivity and net ecosystem economic profit (NEEP) in a paddy field. The field experiment included two irrigation regimes (CF: continuous flooding irrigation; AWD: alternate wetting and drying irrigation) as the main plots, and three zeolite additions (0, 5 and 10 t ha−1) as the subplots. The results indicated that AWD regime decreased seasonal cumulative CH4 emissions by 54%–71% while increasing seasonal cumulative N2O emissions by 14%–353% across the three years, compared with CF regime. Consequently, the yield-scaled global warming potential under AWD regime decreased by 10%–60% while grain yield, water productivity and NEEP improving by 4.9%–7.9%, 19%–27% and 12%–14%, respectively, related to CF regime. Furthermore, 5 t ha−1 zeolite addition mitigated seasonal cumulative CH4 emissions by an average of 36%, but did not significantly affect N2O emissions compared with non-zeolite treatment. In addition, zeolite addition at 5 and 10 t ha−1 significantly increased grain yield, water productivity and NEEP by 11%–21%, 13%–20% and 13%–24%, respectively, related to non-zeolite treatment across the three years. Therefore, zeolite addition at 5 t ha−1 coupled with AWD regime could be an eco-economic strategy to mitigate GHG emissions and water use while producing optimal grain yield with high NEEP in rice fields.

TidsskriftScience of the total Environment
NummerPart 4
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China ( 51709173 and 51679142 ) and partly supported by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ( 2019M661129 ), the Provincial Nature Science Foundation of Liaoning Province , China ( 2019-MS-27 7), Innovation Team Support Program of Colleges and Universities in Liaoning Province ( LT2017014 ), and the Foundation for Distinguished Young Talents in Shenyang and Liaoning Province , China ( RC190472 and LSNQN201909 ). The authors wish to acknowledge the funding from the Chinese Scholarship Council (CSC) awarded to Yan Sha and the Aarhus University for hosting her visiting research.

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© 2022

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