Why do so few woman aspire for a technology career? Investigating the relationships between students’ attitudes, competence beliefs and career aspirations in eight countries

Elisabeth Omand Grønhøj, Ida Gran Andersen

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review


Despite the fact that women today outnumber men in higher education in gen-eral and are now well represented in health and natural science orientated fields, they remain underrepresented in math- and technology intensive fields. The aim of this paper is to investigate gender differences in students’ technology career aspirations, which represents a least-likely case within the broader STEM field with particularly strong gender segregation. We apply logistic regression and the KHB decomposition method to comparative data from ICILS 2018 to examine whether gender differences in students’ competence beliefs, utility value and attitudes towards technology mediate gender differences in technology aspirations. Building on research showing that the gender gap in STEM attitudes and choices differ across countries, we investigate cross-country heterogeneity in gender differences in students’ technology aspirations and their determinants. Results show, first, that gender differences in aspirations for a career in technology is largely driven by differences in utility value, biased competence beliefs and attitudes across boys and girls, second, that while some findings are rather robust across the eight countries of analysis, there is also important, yet unsystematic, differences.
Publikationsdatoapr. 2022
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2022
BegivenhedAmerican Education Research Association: Annual meeting - San Diego, USA
Varighed: 21 apr. 202225 apr. 2022


KonferenceAmerican Education Research Association
LokationSan Diego