Who is more skilful? Doping and its implication on the validity, morality and significance of the sporting test

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Who is more skilful? Doping and its implication on the validity, morality and significance of the sporting test. / Christiansen, Ask Vest; Møller, Rasmus Bysted.

I: Performance Enhancement & Health, Bind 4, Nr. 3-4, 01.06.2016, s. 123-129.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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@article{346471245fca4503ae0937863f5353f8,
title = "Who is more skilful? Doping and its implication on the validity, morality and significance of the sporting test",
abstract = "In this article, we explore if and in what ways doping can be regarded as a challenge to the validity, morality and significance of the sporting test. We start out by examining Kalevi Heinil{\"a}{\textquoteright}s analysis of the logic of elite sport, which shows how the {\textquoteleft}spiral of competition{\textquoteright} leads to the use of {\textquoteleft}dubious means{\textquoteright}. As a supplement to Heinil{\"a}, we revisit American sports historian John Hoberman{\textquoteright}s writings on sport and technology. Then we discuss what function equality and fairness have in sport and what separates legitimate form illegitimate ways of enhancing performance. We proceed by discussing the line of argumentation set forth by philosopher Torbj{\"o}rn T{\"a}nnsj{\"o} on how our admiration of sporting superiority based on natural talent or {\textquoteleft}birth luck{\textquoteright} is immoral. We analyse his argument in favour of eliminating the significance of meritless luck in sport by lifting the ban on doping and argue that its rationale is incompatible with the purpose of sport. We hereby show that although there certainly are morally problematic features of anti-doping the idea that doping must be banned can be defended by reference to the constitutive function of physical differences in sport. In conclusion we show that although doping will never be eradicated from sport because of its ability to increase the physical differences that serve a constitutive function in sport, those differences are not primary in our fascination with elite sport. Instead, we argue for the sporting competition as a stage where fascinating narratives can unfold in a dramatized manner. The integrity of athletic excellence can thus survive even if doping continues to be a factor in sport.",
keywords = "Doping, Elite sport, validity of sporting test, WADA, Fairness, Doping, Ethics, anti-doping policy, fair play, Validity, Skills",
author = "Christiansen, {Ask Vest} and M{\o}ller, {Rasmus Bysted}",
note = "This article belongs to a special issue: Evaluating the Unintended Effects of Anti-Doping: INDR Special Issue",
year = "2016",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.peh.2016.04.002",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "123--129",
journal = "Performance Enhancement & Health",
issn = "2211-2669",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "3-4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Who is more skilful? Doping and its implication on the validity, morality and significance of the sporting test

AU - Christiansen, Ask Vest

AU - Møller, Rasmus Bysted

N1 - This article belongs to a special issue: Evaluating the Unintended Effects of Anti-Doping: INDR Special Issue

PY - 2016/6/1

Y1 - 2016/6/1

N2 - In this article, we explore if and in what ways doping can be regarded as a challenge to the validity, morality and significance of the sporting test. We start out by examining Kalevi Heinilä’s analysis of the logic of elite sport, which shows how the ‘spiral of competition’ leads to the use of ‘dubious means’. As a supplement to Heinilä, we revisit American sports historian John Hoberman’s writings on sport and technology. Then we discuss what function equality and fairness have in sport and what separates legitimate form illegitimate ways of enhancing performance. We proceed by discussing the line of argumentation set forth by philosopher Torbjörn Tännsjö on how our admiration of sporting superiority based on natural talent or ‘birth luck’ is immoral. We analyse his argument in favour of eliminating the significance of meritless luck in sport by lifting the ban on doping and argue that its rationale is incompatible with the purpose of sport. We hereby show that although there certainly are morally problematic features of anti-doping the idea that doping must be banned can be defended by reference to the constitutive function of physical differences in sport. In conclusion we show that although doping will never be eradicated from sport because of its ability to increase the physical differences that serve a constitutive function in sport, those differences are not primary in our fascination with elite sport. Instead, we argue for the sporting competition as a stage where fascinating narratives can unfold in a dramatized manner. The integrity of athletic excellence can thus survive even if doping continues to be a factor in sport.

AB - In this article, we explore if and in what ways doping can be regarded as a challenge to the validity, morality and significance of the sporting test. We start out by examining Kalevi Heinilä’s analysis of the logic of elite sport, which shows how the ‘spiral of competition’ leads to the use of ‘dubious means’. As a supplement to Heinilä, we revisit American sports historian John Hoberman’s writings on sport and technology. Then we discuss what function equality and fairness have in sport and what separates legitimate form illegitimate ways of enhancing performance. We proceed by discussing the line of argumentation set forth by philosopher Torbjörn Tännsjö on how our admiration of sporting superiority based on natural talent or ‘birth luck’ is immoral. We analyse his argument in favour of eliminating the significance of meritless luck in sport by lifting the ban on doping and argue that its rationale is incompatible with the purpose of sport. We hereby show that although there certainly are morally problematic features of anti-doping the idea that doping must be banned can be defended by reference to the constitutive function of physical differences in sport. In conclusion we show that although doping will never be eradicated from sport because of its ability to increase the physical differences that serve a constitutive function in sport, those differences are not primary in our fascination with elite sport. Instead, we argue for the sporting competition as a stage where fascinating narratives can unfold in a dramatized manner. The integrity of athletic excellence can thus survive even if doping continues to be a factor in sport.

KW - Doping

KW - Elite sport

KW - validity of sporting test

KW - WADA

KW - Fairness

KW - Doping

KW - Ethics

KW - anti-doping policy

KW - fair play

KW - Validity

KW - Skills

U2 - 10.1016/j.peh.2016.04.002

DO - 10.1016/j.peh.2016.04.002

M3 - Journal article

VL - 4

SP - 123

EP - 129

JO - Performance Enhancement & Health

JF - Performance Enhancement & Health

SN - 2211-2669

IS - 3-4

ER -