Wheat ferritins: Improving the iron content of the wheat grain

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The characterization of the full complement of wheat ferritins show that the modern hexaploid wheat genome contains two ferritin genes, TaFer1 and TaFer2, each represented by three homeoalleles and placed on chromosome 5 and 4, respectively. The two genes are differentially regulated and expressed. The TaFer1 genes are, except in the endosperm, the most abundantly expressed and regulated by iron and abscisic acid status. The promoter of TaFer1, in contrast to TaFer2, has iron- and ABA-responsive elements, supporting the expression data. The TaFer1 and TaFer2 genes encode two isoforms, probably functional different and acting in heteropolymer structures of ferritin in cereals. Iron biofortification of the wheat grain is possible. Endosperm targeted intragenic overexpressing of the TaFer1-A gene results in a 50-85 % higher iron content in the grain.

TidsskriftJournal of Cereal Science
Sider (fra-til)204-213
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2012

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