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Weighing stars from birth to death: mass determination methods across the HRD

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Aldo Serenelli, CSIC, Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia, Max Planck Institute for Astronomy
  • ,
  • Achim Weiss, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics
  • ,
  • Conny Aerts, KU Leuven, Radboud University Nijmegen
  • ,
  • George C. Angelou, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics
  • ,
  • David Baroch, CSIC, Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia
  • ,
  • Nate Bastian, Liverpool John Moores University
  • ,
  • Paul G. Beck, University of Graz, Instituto Astrofisico de Canarias
  • ,
  • Maria Bergemann, Max Planck Institute for Astronomy
  • ,
  • Joachim M. Bestenlehner, University of Sheffield
  • ,
  • Ian Czekala, University of California at Berkeley
  • ,
  • Nancy Elias-Rosa, CSIC, Astronomical Observatory of Padua
  • ,
  • Ana Escorza, KU Leuven, Université Libre de Bruxelles, European Southern Observatory
  • ,
  • Vincent Van Eylen, University College London
  • ,
  • Diane K. Feuillet, Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Lund Observatory
  • ,
  • Davide Gandolfi, University of Turin
  • ,
  • Mark Gieles, University of Barcelona, ICREA
  • ,
  • Léo Girardi, Astronomical Observatory of Padua
  • ,
  • Yveline Lebreton, PSL Research University, CNRS
  • ,
  • Nicolas Lodieu, Instituto Astrofisico de Canarias, University of La Laguna
  • ,
  • Marie Martig, Liverpool John Moores University
  • ,
  • Marcelo M. Miller Bertolami, Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata, UNLP-CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, UNLP, La Plata, Argentina
  • ,
  • Joey S.G. Mombarg, KU Leuven
  • ,
  • Juan Carlos Morales, CSIC, Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia
  • ,
  • Andrés Moya, Technical University of Madrid, University of Birmingham
  • ,
  • Benard Nsamba, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, University of Porto
  • ,
  • Krešimir Pavlovski, University of Zagreb
  • ,
  • May G. Pedersen, KU Leuven, University of California at Santa Barbara
  • ,
  • Ignasi Ribas, CSIC, Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia
  • ,
  • Fabian R.N. Schneider, Heidelberger Institut für Theoretische Studien, Heidelberg University 
  • ,
  • Victor Silva Aguirre
  • Keivan G. Stassun, Vanderbilt University
  • ,
  • Eline Tolstoy, University of Groningen
  • ,
  • Pier Emmanuel Tremblay, University of Warwick
  • ,
  • Konstanze Zwintz, University of Innsbruck

The mass of a star is the most fundamental parameter for its structure, evolution, and final fate. It is particularly important for any kind of stellar archaeology and characterization of exoplanets. There exist a variety of methods in astronomy to estimate or determine it. In this review we present a significant number of such methods, beginning with the most direct and model-independent approach using detached eclipsing binaries. We then move to more indirect and model-dependent methods, such as the quite commonly used isochrone or stellar track fitting. The arrival of quantitative asteroseismology has opened a completely new approach to determine stellar masses and to complement and improve the accuracy of other methods. We include methods for different evolutionary stages, from the pre-main sequence to evolved (super)giants and final remnants. For all methods uncertainties and restrictions will be discussed. We provide lists of altogether more than 200 benchmark stars with relative mass accuracies between [0.3 , 2] % for the covered mass range of M∈[0.1,16]M⊙, 75 % of which are stars burning hydrogen in their core and the other 25 % covering all other evolved stages. We close with a recommendation how to combine various methods to arrive at a “mass-ladder” for stars.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer4
TidsskriftAstronomy and Astrophysics Review
Vol/bind29
Nummer1
Antal sider141
ISSN0935-4956
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2021

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