Walking Training Enhances Corticospinal Excitability in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis—A Pilot Study

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Walking Training Enhances Corticospinal Excitability in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis—A Pilot Study. / Chaves, Arthur R.; Devasahayam, Augustine J.; Riemenschneider, Morten; Pretty, Ryan W.; Ploughman, Michelle.

I: Frontiers in Neurology, Bind 11, 422, 06.2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Chaves, A. R., Devasahayam, A. J., Riemenschneider, M., Pretty, R. W., & Ploughman, M. (2020). Walking Training Enhances Corticospinal Excitability in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis—A Pilot Study. Frontiers in Neurology, 11, [422]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00422

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Chaves, Arthur R. ; Devasahayam, Augustine J. ; Riemenschneider, Morten ; Pretty, Ryan W. ; Ploughman, Michelle. / Walking Training Enhances Corticospinal Excitability in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis—A Pilot Study. I: Frontiers in Neurology. 2020 ; Bind 11.

Bibtex

@article{cbba9bfa6b3444058082478a355cafb0,
title = "Walking Training Enhances Corticospinal Excitability in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis—A Pilot Study",
abstract = "Background: Inflammatory lesions and neurodegeneration lead to motor, cognitive, and sensory impairments in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Accumulation of disability is at least partially due to diminished capacity for neuroplasticity within the central nervous system. Aerobic exercise is a potentially important intervention to enhance neuroplasticity since it causes upregulation of neurotrophins and enhances corticospinal excitability, which can be probed using single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Whether people with progressive MS who have accumulated substantial disability could benefit from walking rehabilitative training to enhance neuroplasticity is not known. Objective: We aimed to determine whether 10 weeks of task-specific walking training would affect corticospinal excitability over time (pre, post, and 3-month follow-up) among people with progressive MS who required walking aids. Results: Eight people with progressive MS (seven female; 29–74 years old) with an Expanded Disability Status Scale of 6–6.5 underwent harness-supported treadmill walking training in a temperature controlled room at 16°C (10 weeks; three times/week; 40 min at 40–65% heart rate reserve). After training, there was significantly higher corticospinal excitability in both brain hemispheres, reductions in TMS active motor thresholds, and increases in motor-evoked potential amplitudes and slope of the recruitment curve (REC). Decreased intracortical inhibition (shorter cortical silent period) after training was noted in the hemisphere corresponding to the stronger hand only. These effects were not sustained at follow-up. There was a significant relationship between increases in corticospinal excitability (REC, area under the curve) in the hemisphere corresponding to the stronger hand and lessening of both intensity and impact of fatigue on activities of daily living (Fatigue Severity Scale and Modified Fatigue Impact Scale, respectively). Conclusion: Our pilot results support that vigorous treadmill training can potentially improve neuroplastic potential and mitigate symptoms of the disease even among people who have accumulated substantial disability due to MS.",
keywords = "corticospinal excitability, exercise, fatigue, neuroplasticity, progressive multiple sclerosis, rehabilitation, transcranial magnetic stimulation",
author = "Chaves, {Arthur R.} and Devasahayam, {Augustine J.} and Morten Riemenschneider and Pretty, {Ryan W.} and Michelle Ploughman",
year = "2020",
month = jun,
doi = "10.3389/fneur.2020.00422",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Frontiers in Neurology",
issn = "1664-2295",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Walking Training Enhances Corticospinal Excitability in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis—A Pilot Study

AU - Chaves, Arthur R.

AU - Devasahayam, Augustine J.

AU - Riemenschneider, Morten

AU - Pretty, Ryan W.

AU - Ploughman, Michelle

PY - 2020/6

Y1 - 2020/6

N2 - Background: Inflammatory lesions and neurodegeneration lead to motor, cognitive, and sensory impairments in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Accumulation of disability is at least partially due to diminished capacity for neuroplasticity within the central nervous system. Aerobic exercise is a potentially important intervention to enhance neuroplasticity since it causes upregulation of neurotrophins and enhances corticospinal excitability, which can be probed using single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Whether people with progressive MS who have accumulated substantial disability could benefit from walking rehabilitative training to enhance neuroplasticity is not known. Objective: We aimed to determine whether 10 weeks of task-specific walking training would affect corticospinal excitability over time (pre, post, and 3-month follow-up) among people with progressive MS who required walking aids. Results: Eight people with progressive MS (seven female; 29–74 years old) with an Expanded Disability Status Scale of 6–6.5 underwent harness-supported treadmill walking training in a temperature controlled room at 16°C (10 weeks; three times/week; 40 min at 40–65% heart rate reserve). After training, there was significantly higher corticospinal excitability in both brain hemispheres, reductions in TMS active motor thresholds, and increases in motor-evoked potential amplitudes and slope of the recruitment curve (REC). Decreased intracortical inhibition (shorter cortical silent period) after training was noted in the hemisphere corresponding to the stronger hand only. These effects were not sustained at follow-up. There was a significant relationship between increases in corticospinal excitability (REC, area under the curve) in the hemisphere corresponding to the stronger hand and lessening of both intensity and impact of fatigue on activities of daily living (Fatigue Severity Scale and Modified Fatigue Impact Scale, respectively). Conclusion: Our pilot results support that vigorous treadmill training can potentially improve neuroplastic potential and mitigate symptoms of the disease even among people who have accumulated substantial disability due to MS.

AB - Background: Inflammatory lesions and neurodegeneration lead to motor, cognitive, and sensory impairments in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Accumulation of disability is at least partially due to diminished capacity for neuroplasticity within the central nervous system. Aerobic exercise is a potentially important intervention to enhance neuroplasticity since it causes upregulation of neurotrophins and enhances corticospinal excitability, which can be probed using single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Whether people with progressive MS who have accumulated substantial disability could benefit from walking rehabilitative training to enhance neuroplasticity is not known. Objective: We aimed to determine whether 10 weeks of task-specific walking training would affect corticospinal excitability over time (pre, post, and 3-month follow-up) among people with progressive MS who required walking aids. Results: Eight people with progressive MS (seven female; 29–74 years old) with an Expanded Disability Status Scale of 6–6.5 underwent harness-supported treadmill walking training in a temperature controlled room at 16°C (10 weeks; three times/week; 40 min at 40–65% heart rate reserve). After training, there was significantly higher corticospinal excitability in both brain hemispheres, reductions in TMS active motor thresholds, and increases in motor-evoked potential amplitudes and slope of the recruitment curve (REC). Decreased intracortical inhibition (shorter cortical silent period) after training was noted in the hemisphere corresponding to the stronger hand only. These effects were not sustained at follow-up. There was a significant relationship between increases in corticospinal excitability (REC, area under the curve) in the hemisphere corresponding to the stronger hand and lessening of both intensity and impact of fatigue on activities of daily living (Fatigue Severity Scale and Modified Fatigue Impact Scale, respectively). Conclusion: Our pilot results support that vigorous treadmill training can potentially improve neuroplastic potential and mitigate symptoms of the disease even among people who have accumulated substantial disability due to MS.

KW - corticospinal excitability

KW - exercise

KW - fatigue

KW - neuroplasticity

KW - progressive multiple sclerosis

KW - rehabilitation

KW - transcranial magnetic stimulation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85086589110&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fneur.2020.00422

DO - 10.3389/fneur.2020.00422

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32581998

AN - SCOPUS:85086589110

VL - 11

JO - Frontiers in Neurology

JF - Frontiers in Neurology

SN - 1664-2295

M1 - 422

ER -