VC1 catalyses a key step in the biosynthesis of vicine in faba bean

Emilie Björnsdotter, Marcin Nadzieja, Wei Chang, Leandro Escobar-Herrera, Davide Mancinotti, Deepti Angra, Xinxing Xia, Rebecca Tacke, Hamid Khazaei, Christoph Crocoll, Albert Vandenberg, Wolfgang Link, Frederick L Stoddard, Donal M O'Sullivan, Jens Stougaard, Alan H Schulman, Stig U Andersen, Fernando Geu-Flores

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisLetterpeer review

Abstract

Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is a widely adapted and high-yielding legume cultivated for its protein-rich seeds1. However, the seeds accumulate the pyrimidine glucosides vicine and convicine, which can cause haemolytic anaemia (favism) in 400 million genetically predisposed individuals2. Here, we use gene-to-metabolite correlations, gene mapping and genetic complementation to identify VC1 as a key enzyme in vicine and convicine biosynthesis. We demonstrate that VC1 has GTP cyclohydrolase II activity and that the purine GTP is a precursor of both vicine and convicine. Finally, we show that cultivars with low vicine and convicine levels carry an inactivating insertion in the coding sequence of VC1. Our results reveal an unexpected, purine rather than pyrimidine, biosynthetic origin for vicine and convicine and pave the way for the development of faba bean cultivars that are free of these anti-nutrients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNature Plants
Vol/bind7
Nummer7
Sider (fra-til)923-931
Antal sider9
ISSN2055-0278
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2021

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'VC1 catalyses a key step in the biosynthesis of vicine in faba bean'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater