Use of Personal Care Products and Semen Quality: A Cross-Sectional Study in Young Danish Men

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  • Kajsa Ugelvig Petersen, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg-Frederiksberg, DK-2400 Copenhagen NW, Denmark., Danmark
  • Ahmad Mahmoud Balkiss, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark., Danmark
  • Katia Keglberg Hærvig, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg-Frederiksberg, DK-2400 Copenhagen NW, Denmark., Danmark
  • Jens Peter Ellekilde Bonde, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, 1014 Copenhagen K, Denmark
  • ,
  • Karin Sørig Hougaard, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark., National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Danmark
  • Gunnar Toft
  • Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen
  • Sandra Søgaard Tøttenborg, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg-Frederiksberg, DK-2400 Copenhagen NW, Denmark., Danmark

Personal care products (PCPs) may contain multiple chemicals capable of harming male reproductive function. The aim of this study was, therefore, to assess aggregated PCP exposure and potential associations with measures of semen quality in young men. Participants (n = 1058, age 18-21) were sampled among young men from the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC). Upon recruitment in 2017-2019, each man answered an online questionnaire and provided a semen sample. Exposure to 12 common types of PCPs was derived from the questionnaire, and the extent of use and co-use was analyzed. We applied a negative binomial regression model to estimate percentage differences in semen parameters between low, medium and high PCP exposure groups. All participants were exposed to at least one PCP more than once a week, resulting in a mean number (SD) of 5.3 (2.0) PCPs currently used. Most participants (92%) were also exposed to fragranced products on a weekly basis. Little association was observed between aggregated exposure to PCPs and sperm concentration, total sperm count, semen volume, sperm motility and morphology. Despite prevalent use of multiple PCPs, we found little indication of adverse effects of aggregated overall or fragranced PCP exposure on semen quality.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer62
TidsskriftToxics
Vol/bind8
Nummer3
Antal sider13
ISSN2305-6304
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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