Use of genetic testing for hypolactasia trait in the North Denmark Region

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Morten Mørk, Aalborg Universitetshospital, Klinisk Biokemisk Afdeling, Molecular Diagnostics
  • ,
  • Stine Linding Andersen
  • Inge Søkilde Pedersen, Molecular Diagnostics, Klinisk Institut, Aalborg Universitet
  • ,
  • Anja Ernst, Molecular Diagnostics
  • ,
  • Simon Lykkeboe, Aalborg Universitetshospital, Klinisk Biokemisk Afdeling
  • ,
  • Henrik Bygum Krarup

OBJECTIVE: Lactose intolerance (LI) may be considered in patients with unspecific gastrointestinal symptoms, but there is no clear consensus on when and how to diagnose the disorder. The LCT-13910 CC genotype is associated with acquired primary lactase deficiency (adult-type hypolactasia; ATH). We aimed to describe the number of tests and test results in the North Denmark Region considering patient age, geographical origin and repeated testing.

METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of the polymerase chain reaction-based LCT-13910 genotype tests registered in the clinical laboratory information system (LABKA II) with data linkage to Danish nationwide registers.

RESULTS: Between 18 May 2007 and 31 December 2018, a total of 23,560 individuals were tested. There was a sevenfold increase in the number of tests performed during the study period. About 9.8% of the tests performed in 2018 were repeated testing in the same individuals. Overall, 8.8% of tested individuals were younger than 5 years, 90.7% were of Danish origin and 5.5% originated from outside of Europe. The LCT-13910 CC genotype was identified in 13.3% of all tested individuals, in 16.0% of children younger than 5 years, in 6.8% of Danish individuals and in 90.9% originating from outside of Europe.

CONCLUSIONS: In the North Denmark Region, a marked increase in the use of genetic testing for hypolactasia was observed and repeated testing was frequent. Furthermore, the use of the test and the test results were dependent on patient age and geographical origin. Results inform the debate on when and how to use genetic testing in the diagnosing of LI.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Vol/bind55
Nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1012-1018
Antal sider7
ISSN0036-5521
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2020

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