Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Understanding the trends in Denmark's global food trade-related greenhouse gas and resource footprint

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Standard

Understanding the trends in Denmark's global food trade-related greenhouse gas and resource footprint. / Osei-Owusu, Albert Kwame; Wood, Richard; Bjelle, Eivind Lekve; Caro, Dario; Thomsen, Marianne.

I: Journal of Cleaner Production, Bind 313, 127785, 09.2021.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Osei-Owusu, Albert Kwame ; Wood, Richard ; Bjelle, Eivind Lekve ; Caro, Dario ; Thomsen, Marianne. / Understanding the trends in Denmark's global food trade-related greenhouse gas and resource footprint. I: Journal of Cleaner Production. 2021 ; Bind 313.

Bibtex

@article{8bc8e5b1709c4c2a943c2707713a9820,
title = "Understanding the trends in Denmark's global food trade-related greenhouse gas and resource footprint",
abstract = "Food production is a major driver of global warming, water scarcity and biodiversity loss. Denmark has set ambitious targets to lower its territorial carbon emissions in the next decades. In 2019, the Danish Agriculture and Food Council announced a strategy to make Denmark's food production systems climate-neutral by 2050. Therefore, detailed information concerning Denmark's food consumption's environmental impacts is required to implement effective climate mitigation and resource conservation policies that lead to positive local to global results. Using an environmentally extended multi-regional input-output (EE MRIO) analysis and the EXIOBASE v3.4 database, we evaluate Denmark's global food-related consumption-based (CB) greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and resource (land and water use) accounts from 1995 to 2014. Although Denmark's CB food-related blue water use remained relatively stable during the studied period, its food-related CB GHG emissions (excluding land-use change emissions) decreased continuously by 30%. Also, Denmark's cropland and grassland footprints for food declined by 16% (3555 km2) and 27% (621 km2), respectively. Almost two-fifths of Denmark's food consumption was produced abroad in 2014, corresponding to 51% of Denmark's food-related CB GHG emissions and land use apiece and 84% of its food-related blue water use. Whereas animal-based foods accounted for the largest share of Denmark's food-related CB GHG emissions, plant-based diets were responsible for the bulk of Denmark's CB land and blue water use. Dietary changes towards plant-based foods are essential to mitigating Denmark's food-related climate impacts. We recommend that Denmark transfers its sustainable food production technologies to its pollution-and-resource intensive food-exporting trade partners to enhance global climate change mitigation and resource use efficiency.",
keywords = "Multi-regional input-output analysis, Life-cycle assessment, EXIOBASE, ood products, GHG and Resource footprints, Food products, WATER FOOTPRINT, CARBON FOOTPRINT, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, POLICY, INTERNATIONAL-TRADE, LAND-USE, LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENTS, CONSUMPTION, DIETS, INPUT-OUTPUT TABLES",
author = "Osei-Owusu, {Albert Kwame} and Richard Wood and Bjelle, {Eivind Lekve} and Dario Caro and Marianne Thomsen",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127785",
language = "English",
volume = "313",
journal = "Journal of Cleaner Production",
issn = "0959-6526",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding the trends in Denmark's global food trade-related greenhouse gas and resource footprint

AU - Osei-Owusu, Albert Kwame

AU - Wood, Richard

AU - Bjelle, Eivind Lekve

AU - Caro, Dario

AU - Thomsen, Marianne

PY - 2021/9

Y1 - 2021/9

N2 - Food production is a major driver of global warming, water scarcity and biodiversity loss. Denmark has set ambitious targets to lower its territorial carbon emissions in the next decades. In 2019, the Danish Agriculture and Food Council announced a strategy to make Denmark's food production systems climate-neutral by 2050. Therefore, detailed information concerning Denmark's food consumption's environmental impacts is required to implement effective climate mitigation and resource conservation policies that lead to positive local to global results. Using an environmentally extended multi-regional input-output (EE MRIO) analysis and the EXIOBASE v3.4 database, we evaluate Denmark's global food-related consumption-based (CB) greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and resource (land and water use) accounts from 1995 to 2014. Although Denmark's CB food-related blue water use remained relatively stable during the studied period, its food-related CB GHG emissions (excluding land-use change emissions) decreased continuously by 30%. Also, Denmark's cropland and grassland footprints for food declined by 16% (3555 km2) and 27% (621 km2), respectively. Almost two-fifths of Denmark's food consumption was produced abroad in 2014, corresponding to 51% of Denmark's food-related CB GHG emissions and land use apiece and 84% of its food-related blue water use. Whereas animal-based foods accounted for the largest share of Denmark's food-related CB GHG emissions, plant-based diets were responsible for the bulk of Denmark's CB land and blue water use. Dietary changes towards plant-based foods are essential to mitigating Denmark's food-related climate impacts. We recommend that Denmark transfers its sustainable food production technologies to its pollution-and-resource intensive food-exporting trade partners to enhance global climate change mitigation and resource use efficiency.

AB - Food production is a major driver of global warming, water scarcity and biodiversity loss. Denmark has set ambitious targets to lower its territorial carbon emissions in the next decades. In 2019, the Danish Agriculture and Food Council announced a strategy to make Denmark's food production systems climate-neutral by 2050. Therefore, detailed information concerning Denmark's food consumption's environmental impacts is required to implement effective climate mitigation and resource conservation policies that lead to positive local to global results. Using an environmentally extended multi-regional input-output (EE MRIO) analysis and the EXIOBASE v3.4 database, we evaluate Denmark's global food-related consumption-based (CB) greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and resource (land and water use) accounts from 1995 to 2014. Although Denmark's CB food-related blue water use remained relatively stable during the studied period, its food-related CB GHG emissions (excluding land-use change emissions) decreased continuously by 30%. Also, Denmark's cropland and grassland footprints for food declined by 16% (3555 km2) and 27% (621 km2), respectively. Almost two-fifths of Denmark's food consumption was produced abroad in 2014, corresponding to 51% of Denmark's food-related CB GHG emissions and land use apiece and 84% of its food-related blue water use. Whereas animal-based foods accounted for the largest share of Denmark's food-related CB GHG emissions, plant-based diets were responsible for the bulk of Denmark's CB land and blue water use. Dietary changes towards plant-based foods are essential to mitigating Denmark's food-related climate impacts. We recommend that Denmark transfers its sustainable food production technologies to its pollution-and-resource intensive food-exporting trade partners to enhance global climate change mitigation and resource use efficiency.

KW - Multi-regional input-output analysis

KW - Life-cycle assessment

KW - EXIOBASE

KW - ood products

KW - GHG and Resource footprints

KW - Food products

KW - WATER FOOTPRINT

KW - CARBON FOOTPRINT

KW - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS

KW - POLICY

KW - INTERNATIONAL-TRADE

KW - LAND-USE

KW - LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENTS

KW - CONSUMPTION

KW - DIETS

KW - INPUT-OUTPUT TABLES

U2 - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127785

DO - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127785

M3 - Journal article

VL - 313

JO - Journal of Cleaner Production

JF - Journal of Cleaner Production

SN - 0959-6526

M1 - 127785

ER -