Type I Collagen from Jellyfish Catostylus mosaicus for Biomaterial Applications

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  • Zahra Rastian, Department of Molecular Spectroscopy, Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Sabine Pütz, Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research
  • ,
  • Yu Jen Wang, Department of Molecular Spectroscopy, Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research
  • ,
  • Sachin Kumar, Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research
  • ,
  • Frederik Fleissner, Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research
  • ,
  • Tobias Weidner
  • Sapun H. Parekh, Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research

Collagen is the predominant protein in animal connective tissues and is widely used in tissue regeneration and other industrial applications. Marine organisms have gained interest as alternative, nonmammalian collagen sources for biomaterial applications because of potential medical and economic advantages. In this work, we present physicochemical and biofunctionality studies of acid solubilized collagen (ASC) from jellyfish Catostylus mosaicus (JASC), harvested from the Persian Gulf, compared with ASC from rat tail tendon (RASC), the industry-standard collagen used for biomedical research. From the protein subunit (alpha chain) pattern of JASC, we identified it as a type I collagen, and extensive molecular spectroscopic analyses showed similar triple helical molecular signatures for JASC and RASC. Atomic force microscopy of fibrillized JASC showed clear fibril reassembly upon pH neutralization though with different temperature and concentration dependence compared with RASC. Molecular (natively folded, nonfibrillized) JASC was shown to functionalize rigid substrates and promote MC3T3 preosteoblast cell attachment and proliferation better than RASC over 6 days. On blended collagen-agarose scaffolds, both RASC and JASC fibrils supported cell attachment and proliferation, and scaffolds with RASC fibrils showed more cell growth after 6 days compared with those scaffolds with JASC fibrils. These results demonstrate the potential for this new type I collagen as a possible alternative to mammalian type I collagen for biomaterial applications.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering
Vol/bind4
Nummer6
Sider (fra-til)2115-2125
Antal sider11
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 11 jun. 2018

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