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Two Cockayne Syndrome patients with a novel splice site mutation – clinical and metabolic analyses

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  • Ines Sanchez-Roman, Department of Basic Biomedical Science, Faculty of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid
  • ,
  • Sofie Lautrup
  • ,
  • Maria Diget Aamann
  • ,
  • Edward G. Neilan, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School
  • ,
  • John R. Østergaard
  • Tinna Stevnsner

Cockayne Syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, which leads to neurodegeneration, growth failure and premature aging. Most of the cases are due to mutations in the ERCC6 gene, which encodes the protein CSB. CSB is involved in several functions including DNA repair and transcription. Here we describe two Danish brothers with CS. Both patients carried a novel splice site mutation (c.2382+2T>G), and a previously described nonsense mutation (c.3259C>T, p.Arg1087X) in a biallelic state. Both patients presented the cardinal features of the disease including microcephaly, congenital cataract and postnatal growth failure. In addition, their fibroblasts were hypersensitive to UV irradiation and exhibited increased superoxide levels in comparison to fibroblasts from healthy age and gender matched individuals. Metabolomic analysis revealed a distinctive metabolic profile in cells from the CS patients compared to control cells. Among others, α-ketoglutarate, hydroxyglutarate and certain amino acids (ornithine, proline and glycine) were reduced in the CS patient fibroblasts, whereas glycolytic intermediates (glucose-6-phosphate and pyruvic acid) and fatty acids (palmitic, stearic and myristic acid) were increased. Our data not only provide additional information to the database of CS mutations, but also point towards targets for potential treatment of this devastating disease.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMechanisms of Ageing and Development
Vol/bind175
Sider (fra-til)7-16
Antal sider10
ISSN0047-6374
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2018

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