Treatment patterns, survival, and healthcare utilisation and costs in patients with locally advanced and metastatic bladder cancer in Denmark 2015–2020

Mette Nørgaard*, Aurélie Mailhac, Karin Fagerlund, Torsten Strunz-McKendry, Mads Agerbæk, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Background: Treatment patterns in locally advanced and metastatic urothelial bladder cancer (La/mUBC) is changing, but little is known about current treatment patterns, survival, and costs of these patients. Our aim was to describe treatment patterns, survival, and healthcare utilisation/costs in Danish La/mUBC patients in a routine clinical care setting. Methods: Registry-based nationwide cohort study including all bladder cancer patients aged 18 years or older with a La/mUBC tumour in the pathology register and a concomitant bladder cancer diagnosis in the Danish National Patient Registry in the period 2015–2020. We categorised the patients according to (1) La/mUBC at time of first bladder cancer diagnosis (de novo La/mUBC) and (2) non-invasive or localised muscle-invasive bladder cancer at time of diagnosis which had progressed to La/mUBC. All patients were included at date of pathology-confirmed La/mUBC. Follow-up ended 30 September 2022. Results: We identified 1278 patients (69% men) with La/mUBC and no other previous cancer. Of these, 212 (17%) had de novo La/mUBC, while 1066 (83%) had progressed to La/mUBC. Median age was 72 years. Patients were followed for a median of 13.0 months (interquartile range 4.7;32.0). During follow-up, 651 (51%) patients started first-line treatment, of these, 285 progressed to second-line treatment, and 112 also started third-line treatment. Median survival was 13.0 months from La/mUBC diagnosis, 12.1 months from start of first-line treatment, 9.8 months from start of second-line treatment, and 8.6 months from start of third-line treatment. The mean number of days admitted to hospital was 3.47, 3.97, and 4.07 per month following initiation of first-line, second-line, and third-line treatment, respectively. Conclusion: Patients with La/mUBC have a poor prognosis, and in routine clinical care only around half of the patients received systemic anti-cancer treatment suggesting an unmet need for novel treatments. The overall costs only increased slightly from first to third-line treatment.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Oncologica
Vol/bind62
Nummer12
Sider (fra-til)1784-1790
Antal sider7
ISSN0284-186X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2023

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