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Travel cost inference from sparse, spatio-temporally correlated time series using markov models

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  • B. Yang, Danmark
  • C. Guo, Danmark
  • C.S. Jensen, Danmark
The monitoring of a system can yield a set of measurements that can be modeled as a collection of time series. These time series are often sparse, due to missing measurements, and spatiotemporally correlated, meaning that spatially close time series exhibit temporal correlation. The analysis of such time series offers insight into the underlying system and enables prediction of system behavior. While the techniques presented in the paper apply more generally, we consider the case of transportation systems and aim to predict travel cost from GPS tracking data from probe vehicles. Specifically, each road segment has an associated travel-cost time series, which is derived from GPS data.

We use spatio-temporal hidden Markov models (STHMM) to model correlations among different traffic time series. We provide algorithms that are able to learn the parameters of an STHMM while contending with the sparsity, spatio-temporal correlation, and heterogeneity of the time series. Using the resulting STHMM, near future travel costs in the transportation network, e.g., travel time or greenhouse gas emissions, can be inferred, enabling a variety of routing services, e.g., eco-routing. Empirical studies with a substantial GPS data set offer insight into the design properties of the proposed framework and algorithms, demonstrating the effectiveness and efficiency of travel cost inferencing.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftProceedings of the VLDB Endowment
Vol/bind6
Nummer9
Sider (fra-til)769-780
Antal sider12
ISSN2150-8097
StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2013

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