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Trauma and psychotic experiences: transnational data from the World Mental Health Survey

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Dokumenter

DOI

  • John J. McGrath
  • Sukanta Saha, Univ Queensland, University of Queensland, Queensland Brain Inst
  • ,
  • Carmen C. W. Lim, Univ Queensland, University of Queensland, Queensland Brain Inst
  • ,
  • Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, UC Davis Hlth Syst, University of California Davis, University of California System, Ctr Reducing Hlth Dispar
  • ,
  • Jordi Alonso, CIBER Epidemiol & Salud PUbl CIBERESP, University of Barcelona
  • ,
  • Laura H. Andrade, Univ Sao Paulo, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Med Sch, Inst Psychiat, Sect Psychiat Epidemiol,LIM 23
  • ,
  • Evelyn J. Bromet, SUNY Stony Brook, State University of New York (SUNY) System, State University of New York (SUNY) Stony Brook, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat
  • ,
  • Ronny Bruffaerts, UPC KUL, KU Leuven
  • ,
  • Jose M. Caldas de Almeida, Univ Nova Lisboa, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Fac Ciencias Med, Dept Mental Hlth
  • ,
  • Graca Cardoso, Univ Nova Lisboa, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Nova Med Sch, Chron Dis Res Ctr CEDOC
  • ,
  • Giovanni de Girolamo, St John God Clin Res Ctr, IRCCS Fatebenefratelli, IRCCS, Unit Epidemiol & Evaluat Psychiat
  • ,
  • John Fayyad, IDRAAC
  • ,
  • Silvia Florescu, Natl Sch Publ Hlth Management & Profess Dev
  • ,
  • Oye Gureje, Univ Coll Hosp, University College Hospital, Ibadan, University of Ibadan, Dept Psychiat
  • ,
  • Josep M. Haro, Univ Barcelona, University of Barcelona, CIBERSAM, Parc Sanitari St Joan de Deu
  • ,
  • Norito Kawakami, Univ Tokyo, University of Tokyo, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Mental Hlth
  • ,
  • Karestan C. Koenen, Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol
  • ,
  • Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Paris Descartes Univ, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sante Publique (EHESP), University of Paris Descartes - Paris V, Universite Sorbonne Paris Cite-USPC (ComUE), EHESP, EA 4057
  • ,
  • Sing Lee, Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Dept Psychiat
  • ,
  • Jean-Pierre Lepine, INSERM, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale (Inserm), UMRS 1144
  • ,
  • Katie A. McLaughlin, Univ Washington, University of Washington, University of Washington Seattle, Dept Psychol
  • ,
  • Maria E. Medina-Mora, Natl Inst Psychiat Ramon de la Fuente, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatria Ramon de la Fuente Muniz
  • ,
  • Fernando Navarro-Mateu, CIBERESP Murcia, IMIB Arrixaca, Subdirecc Gen Salud Mental & Asistencia Psiquiatr, Serv Murciano Delus Experiences Salud
  • ,
  • Akin Ojagbemi, Univ Coll Hosp, University College Hospital, Ibadan, University of Ibadan
  • ,
  • Jose Posada-Villa, Colegio Mayor Cundinamarca Univ, Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca, Fac Social Sci
  • ,
  • Nancy Sampson, Harvard Med Sch, Harvard University, Dept Hlth Care Policy
  • ,
  • Kate M. Scott, Univ Otago, University of Otago, Dept Psychol Med
  • ,
  • Hisateru Tachimori, Natl Ctr Neurol & Psychiat, National Center for Neurology & Psychiatry - Japan, Natl Inst Mental Hlth
  • ,
  • Margreet ten Have, Trimbos Inst, Netherlands Inst Mental Hlth & Addict
  • ,
  • Kenneth S. Kendler, Virginia Commonwealth Univ, Virginia Commonwealth University, Dept Psychiat
  • ,
  • Ronald C. Kessler, Harvard Med Sch, Harvard University, Dept Hlth Care Policy
  • ,
  • WHO World Mental Hlth

Background

Traumatic events are associated with increased risk of psychotic experiences, but it is unclear whether this association is explained by mental disorders prior to psychotic experience onset.

Aims

To investigate the associations between traumatic events and subsequent psychotic experience onset after adjusting for post-traumatic stress disorder and other mental disorders.

Method

We assessed 29 traumatic event types and psychotic experiences from the World Mental Health surveys and examined the associations of traumatic events with subsequent psychotic experience onset with and without adjustments for mental disorders.

Results

Respondents with any traumatic events had three times the odds of other respondents of subsequently developing psychotic experiences (OR=3.1, 95% CI 2.7-3.7), with variability in strength of association across traumatic event types. These associations persisted after adjustment for mental disorders.

Conclusions

Exposure to traumatic events predicts subsequent onset of psychotic experiences even after adjusting for comorbid mental disorders.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Vol/bind211
Nummer6
Sider (fra-til)373-380
Antal sider14
ISSN0007-1250
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2017

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