Transport across the Choroid Plexus Epithelium

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Abstract

The choroid plexus epithelium is a secretory epithelium par excellence. However, this is perhaps not the most prominent reason for the massive interest in this modest-sized tissue residing inside the brain ventricles. Most likely, the dominant reason for extensive studies of the choroid plexus is the identification of this epithelium as the source of the majority of intraventricular cerebrospinal fluid. This finding has direct relevance for studies of diseases and conditions with deranged central fluid volume or ionic balance. While the concept is supported by the vast majority of literature, the implication of the choroid plexus in secretion of the cerebrospinal fluid was recently challenged once again. Three newer and promising areas of current choroid plexus related investigations are: 1) the choroid plexus epithelium as the source of mediators necessary for the central nervous system development, 2) the choroid plexus as a route for microorganisms and immune cells into the central nervous system, and 3) the choroid plexus as a potential route for drug delivery into the central nervous system bypassing the blood brain barrier. Thus, the purpose of this review is to highlight current active areas of research in the choroid plexus physiology and a few matters of continuous controversy.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummerajpcell.00041.2017
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Physiology: Cell Physiology
Vol/bind312
Nummer6
Sider (fra-til)C673-C686
ISSN0363-6143
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jun. 2017

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