Transcriptome analysis of the endometrium from Chinese Erhualian sows that differ in calcium ion concentration and litter size

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  • X Ma, Institute of Swine Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.
  • ,
  • P Li
  • Q Zhang, Institute of Swine Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.
  • ,
  • L He, Institute of Swine Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.
  • ,
  • G Su
  • Y Huang, Changzhou Jiaoxi Cooperatives of Erhualian Pigs, Changzhou, 213116, China.
  • ,
  • Z Lu, Changshu Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station, Suzhou, 215500, China.
  • ,
  • W Hu, Changshu Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station, Suzhou, 215500, China.
  • ,
  • H Ding, Changshu Agriculture Committee, Suzhou, 215500, China.
  • ,
  • R Huang, Institute of Swine Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.

Embryonic survival rate, an important factor in the fecundity of sows, is affected by endometrium-secreting histotroph. A higher concentration of calcium ion has been observed in the uterus of highly prolific Erhualian sows (EH) compared with those of less prolific (EL) sows. This suggests that EH sows have better establishment and maintenance of pregnancies, thus increasing embryonic survival rate during the peri-implantation period. To understand the mechanisms of how the endometrium-secreting histotroph affects embryonic survival rate during the Erhualian peri-implantation period, the expression patterns of endometrial mRNA in the EH and EL sows on day 12 of gestation were analyzed using RNA sequencing technology. A total of 164 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified (Padj < 0.05, |log2 (FC)| ≥ 1), including 46 upregulated and 118 downregulated genes in EH compared to EL. Gene Ontology enrichment indicated that a subset of DEGs was involved in calcium ion binding and cell adhesion. Solute carrier family 8 member A3 and solute carrier family 24 member 4, identified as upregulated genes (Padj < 0.05) in EH, were considered key candidate genes expressed in the endometrium affecting embryonic survival rate during the peri-implantation period. The results improve understanding of the genetic mechanism underlying the variation in litter size of Erhualian pigs during the peri-implantation period.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAnimal Genetics
Vol/bind50
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)326-333
Antal sider8
ISSN0268-9146
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

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© 2019 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics.

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