Toward the Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan

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Toward the Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan. / Ollikainen, Markku; Hasler, Berit; Elofsson, Katarina; Iho, Antti ; Andersen, Hans Estrup; Czajkowski, Mikolaj; Peterson, Kaja.

I: Ambio, Bind 48, Nr. 11, 11.2019, s. 1377-1388.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Ollikainen, M, Hasler, B, Elofsson, K, Iho, A, Andersen, HE, Czajkowski, M & Peterson, K 2019, 'Toward the Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan', Ambio, bind 48, nr. 11, s. 1377-1388. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-019-01264-0

APA

Ollikainen, M., Hasler, B., Elofsson, K., Iho, A., Andersen, H. E., Czajkowski, M., & Peterson, K. (2019). Toward the Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan. Ambio, 48(11), 1377-1388. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-019-01264-0

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MLA

Vancouver

Author

Ollikainen, Markku ; Hasler, Berit ; Elofsson, Katarina ; Iho, Antti ; Andersen, Hans Estrup ; Czajkowski, Mikolaj ; Peterson, Kaja. / Toward the Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan. I: Ambio. 2019 ; Bind 48, Nr. 11. s. 1377-1388.

Bibtex

@article{54e2884b2dc64d769b0896fe6d38b77f,
title = "Toward the Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan",
abstract = "This paper analyzes the main weaknesses and key avenues for improvement of nutrient policies in the Baltic Sea region. HELCOM's Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP), accepted by the Baltic Sea countries in 2007, was based on an innovative ecological modeling of the Baltic Sea environment and addressed the impact of the combination of riverine loading and transfer of nutrients on the ecological status of the sea and its sub-basins. We argue, however, that the assigned country-specific targets of nutrient loading do not reach the same level of sophistication, because they are not based on careful economic and policy analysis. We show an increasing gap between the state-of-the-art policy alternatives and the existing command-and-control-based approaches to the protection of the Baltic Sea environment and outline the most important steps for a Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan. It is time to raise the socioeconomic design of nutrient policies to the same level of sophistication as the ecological foundations of the BSAP.",
keywords = "CONSERVATION, Cost-effectiveness, Incentives, Innovation, Manure, NUTRIENT ABATEMENT, PARTICIPATION, PHOSPHORUS, POLLUTION-CONTROL, PROGRAM, Performance-based policy, WATER-QUALITY MANAGEMENT",
author = "Markku Ollikainen and Berit Hasler and Katarina Elofsson and Antti Iho and Andersen, {Hans Estrup} and Mikolaj Czajkowski and Kaja Peterson",
year = "2019",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1007/s13280-019-01264-0",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "1377--1388",
journal = "Ambio",
issn = "0044-7447",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Toward the Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan

AU - Ollikainen, Markku

AU - Hasler, Berit

AU - Elofsson, Katarina

AU - Iho, Antti

AU - Andersen, Hans Estrup

AU - Czajkowski, Mikolaj

AU - Peterson, Kaja

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - This paper analyzes the main weaknesses and key avenues for improvement of nutrient policies in the Baltic Sea region. HELCOM's Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP), accepted by the Baltic Sea countries in 2007, was based on an innovative ecological modeling of the Baltic Sea environment and addressed the impact of the combination of riverine loading and transfer of nutrients on the ecological status of the sea and its sub-basins. We argue, however, that the assigned country-specific targets of nutrient loading do not reach the same level of sophistication, because they are not based on careful economic and policy analysis. We show an increasing gap between the state-of-the-art policy alternatives and the existing command-and-control-based approaches to the protection of the Baltic Sea environment and outline the most important steps for a Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan. It is time to raise the socioeconomic design of nutrient policies to the same level of sophistication as the ecological foundations of the BSAP.

AB - This paper analyzes the main weaknesses and key avenues for improvement of nutrient policies in the Baltic Sea region. HELCOM's Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP), accepted by the Baltic Sea countries in 2007, was based on an innovative ecological modeling of the Baltic Sea environment and addressed the impact of the combination of riverine loading and transfer of nutrients on the ecological status of the sea and its sub-basins. We argue, however, that the assigned country-specific targets of nutrient loading do not reach the same level of sophistication, because they are not based on careful economic and policy analysis. We show an increasing gap between the state-of-the-art policy alternatives and the existing command-and-control-based approaches to the protection of the Baltic Sea environment and outline the most important steps for a Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan. It is time to raise the socioeconomic design of nutrient policies to the same level of sophistication as the ecological foundations of the BSAP.

KW - CONSERVATION

KW - Cost-effectiveness

KW - Incentives

KW - Innovation

KW - Manure

KW - NUTRIENT ABATEMENT

KW - PARTICIPATION

KW - PHOSPHORUS

KW - POLLUTION-CONTROL

KW - PROGRAM

KW - Performance-based policy

KW - WATER-QUALITY MANAGEMENT

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85074034539&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s13280-019-01264-0

DO - 10.1007/s13280-019-01264-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31605370

VL - 48

SP - 1377

EP - 1388

JO - Ambio

JF - Ambio

SN - 0044-7447

IS - 11

ER -