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Top-down information is more important in noisy situations: Exploring the role of pragmatic, semantic, and syntactic information in language processing

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Language processing depends on the integration of bottom-up information with top-down cues from several different sources—primarily our knowledge of the real world, of discourse contexts, and of how language works. Previous studies have shown that factors pertaining to both the sender and the receiver of the message affect the relative weighting of such information. Here, we suggest another factor that may change our processing strategies: perceptual noise in the environment. We hypothesize that listeners weight different sources of top-down information more in situations of perceptual noise than in noise-free situations. Using a sentence-picture matching experiment with four forced-choice alternatives, we show that degrading the speech input with noise compels the listeners to rely more on top-down information in processing. We discuss our results in light of previous findings in the literature, highlighting the need for a unified model of spoken language comprehension in different ecologically valid situations, including under noisy conditions.
TitelProceedings of the the 41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
RedaktørerAshok K. Goel, Colleen M. Seifert, Christian Freksa
Antal sider7
UdgivelsesstedMontreal, QB
ForlagCognitive Science Society
StatusUdgivet - 2019
BegivenhedThe 41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society - Montreal, Canada
Varighed: 24 jul. 201927 jul. 2019
Konferencens nummer: 41


KonferenceThe 41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society

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