Time-dependent vibrational coupled cluster theory: Theory and implementation at the two-mode coupling level

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Equations are derived for the time evolution of time-dependent vibrational coupled cluster (TDVCC) wave functions covering both the TDVCC ket state and the associated so-called Λ bra state. The equations are implemented in the special case of both the Hamiltonian and the cluster operator containing at most two-mode coupling terms. The nontrivial behavior of the evolution of norm, energy, and expectation values due to the nonunitary time-evolution of the nonvariational TDVCC theory is analyzed theoretically and confirmed in numerical experiments that also include time-dependent Hamiltonians. In the spirit of time-independent size-consistency analysis, the separability of both the coupled cluster and Λ states for noninteracting systems is studied. While the coupled cluster state clearly has the correct behavior, the behavior of the Λ state is more intricate, and the consequence for different properties is shown theoretically and numerically. Overall, the numerical experiments show that TDVCC in incomplete expansions gives higher accuracy than a standard linear variational wave function parameterization with the same number of independent parameters, while equivalent results are obtained for complete expansions. The efficiency of the methodology is illustrated in computations on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with up to 156 modes.

TidsskriftThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Antal sider22
StatusUdgivet - 2019

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