Threonine 53 in α-synuclein is conserved in long-living non-primate animals

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  • Knud Larsen
  • Claus Hedegaard, Danmark
  • Mads Frost Bertelsen, Copenhagen Zoo, Danmark
  • Christian Bendixen, Danmark
  • Molekylær Genetik og Systembiologi
  • Institut for Genetik og Bioteknologi
α-Synuclein is the main constituent of Lewy bodies in familial and sporadic cases of Parkinson's disease (PD). Autosomal dominant point mutations, gene duplications or triplications in the α-synuclein (SNCA) gene cause hereditary forms of PD. One of the α-synuclein point mutations, Ala53Thr, is associated with increased oligomerization toxicity leading to familial early-onset PD in humans. The amino acid in position 53 in α-synuclein is an alanine in humans, great apes and Old World primates. However, this amino acid is a threonine in the α-synuclein of all other examined species, including New World monkeys. Here, we present DNA sequence analysis of SNCA and the deduced amino acid sequences of α-synuclein cloned from various different species, ranging from fish to mammals, which are known for their long-living potential. In all these investigated species the 53Thr is found. We conclude that 53Thr is not a molecular adaptation for long-living animals to minimize the risk of developing PD
Udgivelsesdato: 25. September
TidsskriftBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Sider (fra-til)602-605
Antal sider4
StatusUdgivet - 2009

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