TY - JOUR

T1 - Three-body continuum states and Efimov physics in noninteger geometry

AU - Garrido, E.

AU - Christensen, E. R.

AU - Jensen, A. S.

PY - 2022/7

Y1 - 2022/7

N2 - Continuum structures of three short-range interacting particles in a deformed external one-body field are investigated. We use the equivalent d method employing noninteger dimension, d, in a spherical calculation with a dimension-dependent angular momentum barrier. We focus on dimensions close to the critical dimension, d=dE, between 2 and 3, defined by zero two-body energies, where the Efimov effect can occur. We design for this dimension region a schematic, long-distance realistic, square-well based, three-body spherical model, which is used to derive analytic expressions for the wave functions, scattering lengths, phase shifts, and elastic-scattering cross sections. The procedure and the results are universal, valid for all short-range potentials, and for large scattering lengths. We discuss the properties and validity of the derived expressions by means of the simplest system of three identical bosons. The derived expressions are particularly useful for very small energies, where full numerical calculations are often not feasible. For energies where the numerical calculations can be performed, a good agreement with the analytic results is found. These model results may be tested by scattering experiments for three particles in an equivalent external deformed oscillator potential. The cross sections all vanish in the zero-energy limit for d<3 with definite d-dependent power of energy.

AB - Continuum structures of three short-range interacting particles in a deformed external one-body field are investigated. We use the equivalent d method employing noninteger dimension, d, in a spherical calculation with a dimension-dependent angular momentum barrier. We focus on dimensions close to the critical dimension, d=dE, between 2 and 3, defined by zero two-body energies, where the Efimov effect can occur. We design for this dimension region a schematic, long-distance realistic, square-well based, three-body spherical model, which is used to derive analytic expressions for the wave functions, scattering lengths, phase shifts, and elastic-scattering cross sections. The procedure and the results are universal, valid for all short-range potentials, and for large scattering lengths. We discuss the properties and validity of the derived expressions by means of the simplest system of three identical bosons. The derived expressions are particularly useful for very small energies, where full numerical calculations are often not feasible. For energies where the numerical calculations can be performed, a good agreement with the analytic results is found. These model results may be tested by scattering experiments for three particles in an equivalent external deformed oscillator potential. The cross sections all vanish in the zero-energy limit for d<3 with definite d-dependent power of energy.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85134642209&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevA.106.013307

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevA.106.013307

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85134642209

SN - 2469-9926

VL - 106

JO - Physical Review A

JF - Physical Review A

IS - 1

M1 - e013307

ER -