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Thiamine for the Treatment of Cardiac Arrest-Induced Neurological Injury: A Randomized, Blinded, Placebo‐Controlled Experimental Study

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BACKGROUND: Thiamine supplementation has demonstrated protective effects in a mouse model of cardiac arrest. The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effects of thiamine in a clinically relevant large animal cardiac arrest model. The hypothesis was that thiamine reduces neurological injury evaluated by neuron-specific enolase levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pigs underwent myocardial infarction and subsequently 9 minutes of untreated cardiac arrest. Twenty minutes after successful resuscitation, the pigs were randomized to treatment with either thiamine or placebo. All pigs underwent 40 hours of intensive care and were awakened for assessment of functional neurological outcome up until 9 days after cardiac arrest. Nine pigs were included in both groups, with 8 in each group surviving the entire intensive care phase. Mean area under the curve for neuron-specific enolase was similar between groups, with 81.5 μg/L per hour (SD, 20.4) in the thiamine group and 80.5 μg/L per hour (SD, 18.3) in the placebo group, with an absolute difference of 1.0 (95% CI, −57.8 to 59.8; P=0.97). Likewise, there were no absolute difference in neurological deficit score at the end of the protocol (2 [95% CI, −38 to 42]; P=0.93). There was no absolute mean group difference in lactate during the intensive care period (1.1 mmol/L [95% CI, −0.5 to 2.7]; P=0.16). CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial using a pig cardiac arrest model with myocardial infarction and long intensive care and observation for 9 days, thiamine showed no effect in changes to functional neurological outcome or serum levels of neuron-specific enolase. Thiamine treatment had no effect on lactate levels after successful resuscitation.

TidsskriftJournal of the American Heart Association
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2023

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