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“They Think We Are a Threat to Their Culture”: Meta-Cultural Threat Fuels Willingness and Endorsement of Extremist Violence against the Cultural Outgroup

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“They Think We Are a Threat to Their Culture”: Meta-Cultural Threat Fuels Willingness and Endorsement of Extremist Violence against the Cultural Outgroup. / Obaidi, Milan; Thomsen, Lotte; Bergh, Robin.

I: International Journal of Conflict and Violence, Bind 12, Nr. Focus, a647, 2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Obaidi M, Thomsen L, Bergh R. “They Think We Are a Threat to Their Culture”: Meta-Cultural Threat Fuels Willingness and Endorsement of Extremist Violence against the Cultural Outgroup. International Journal of Conflict and Violence. 2018;12(Focus):a647. doi: 10.4119/UNIBI/ijcv.647

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Bibtex

@article{0b6922e72da84a6b85cc8b3484652f7f,
title = "“They Think We Are a Threat to Their Culture”: Meta-Cultural Threat Fuels Willingness and Endorsement of Extremist Violence against the Cultural Outgroup",
abstract = "Far-right political parties in Europe regularly portray Muslims and Islam as backward and a symbolic threat to secular and/or Christian European culture. Similarly, Islamist groups regularly portray Westerners and Western culture as decadent and a symbolic threat to Islam. Here, we present experimental evidence that meta-cultural threat - information that members of an outgroup perceive one's own culture as a symbolic threat to their culture - increases intention and endorsement of political violence against that outgroup. We tested this in three experimental studies among Muslims and non-Muslims in Scandinavia. In Studies 1 and 2, we experimentally manipulated whether the dominant majority group was portrayed as seeing Muslim culture and lifestyle as backward and incompatible with their own culture. These portrayals increased the endorsement of extremist violence against the West and violent behavioural intentions among Muslims living in Denmark and Sweden. Study 3 used a similar paradigm among non-Muslim Danes and demonstrated that learning about Muslims portraying the non-Muslim Danish in-group as a threat increased endorsement of ethnic persecution of Muslims, conceptually replicating the general effect that meta-cultural threat fuels endorsement of extremist violence among both majority and minority groups.",
keywords = "IMAGE, INDIVIDUALS, MEMBERS, MUSLIM, PERCEPTION, POLITICAL-ACTION, PREJUDICE, RECIPROCITY, SOCIAL-DOMINANCE, US, ethnic persecution, extremism, meta-cultural threat perception, political violence, right-wing and Islamist extremism",
author = "Milan Obaidi and Lotte Thomsen and Robin Bergh",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.4119/UNIBI/ijcv.647",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "International Journal of Conflict and Violence",
issn = "1864-1385",
publisher = "Universitaet Bielefeld Institut fuer Interdisziplinaere Konflikt- und Gewaltforschung",
number = "Focus",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - “They Think We Are a Threat to Their Culture”: Meta-Cultural Threat Fuels Willingness and Endorsement of Extremist Violence against the Cultural Outgroup

AU - Obaidi, Milan

AU - Thomsen, Lotte

AU - Bergh, Robin

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Far-right political parties in Europe regularly portray Muslims and Islam as backward and a symbolic threat to secular and/or Christian European culture. Similarly, Islamist groups regularly portray Westerners and Western culture as decadent and a symbolic threat to Islam. Here, we present experimental evidence that meta-cultural threat - information that members of an outgroup perceive one's own culture as a symbolic threat to their culture - increases intention and endorsement of political violence against that outgroup. We tested this in three experimental studies among Muslims and non-Muslims in Scandinavia. In Studies 1 and 2, we experimentally manipulated whether the dominant majority group was portrayed as seeing Muslim culture and lifestyle as backward and incompatible with their own culture. These portrayals increased the endorsement of extremist violence against the West and violent behavioural intentions among Muslims living in Denmark and Sweden. Study 3 used a similar paradigm among non-Muslim Danes and demonstrated that learning about Muslims portraying the non-Muslim Danish in-group as a threat increased endorsement of ethnic persecution of Muslims, conceptually replicating the general effect that meta-cultural threat fuels endorsement of extremist violence among both majority and minority groups.

AB - Far-right political parties in Europe regularly portray Muslims and Islam as backward and a symbolic threat to secular and/or Christian European culture. Similarly, Islamist groups regularly portray Westerners and Western culture as decadent and a symbolic threat to Islam. Here, we present experimental evidence that meta-cultural threat - information that members of an outgroup perceive one's own culture as a symbolic threat to their culture - increases intention and endorsement of political violence against that outgroup. We tested this in three experimental studies among Muslims and non-Muslims in Scandinavia. In Studies 1 and 2, we experimentally manipulated whether the dominant majority group was portrayed as seeing Muslim culture and lifestyle as backward and incompatible with their own culture. These portrayals increased the endorsement of extremist violence against the West and violent behavioural intentions among Muslims living in Denmark and Sweden. Study 3 used a similar paradigm among non-Muslim Danes and demonstrated that learning about Muslims portraying the non-Muslim Danish in-group as a threat increased endorsement of ethnic persecution of Muslims, conceptually replicating the general effect that meta-cultural threat fuels endorsement of extremist violence among both majority and minority groups.

KW - IMAGE

KW - INDIVIDUALS

KW - MEMBERS

KW - MUSLIM

KW - PERCEPTION

KW - POLITICAL-ACTION

KW - PREJUDICE

KW - RECIPROCITY

KW - SOCIAL-DOMINANCE

KW - US

KW - ethnic persecution

KW - extremism

KW - meta-cultural threat perception

KW - political violence

KW - right-wing and Islamist extremism

U2 - 10.4119/UNIBI/ijcv.647

DO - 10.4119/UNIBI/ijcv.647

M3 - Journal article

VL - 12

JO - International Journal of Conflict and Violence

JF - International Journal of Conflict and Violence

SN - 1864-1385

IS - Focus

M1 - a647

ER -