The relationship between muscle power, functional performance, accelerometer-based measurement of physical activity and patient-reported outcomes in patients with hip osteoarthritis: A cross-sectional study

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DOI

Background: Patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis appear to have between-leg differences in leg extension power (LEP). The Nottingham Leg Extensor Power Rig provides reliable and valid results but requires sensitive equipment. It would be relevant to identify measures closely associated with this test. Objective: (i) To investigate if LEP is lower in the affected leg compared to the non-affected leg. Furthermore, to investigate the associations between LEP and the measures: (ii) Functional performance, (iii) accelerometer-based measurement of physical activity and (iv) patient-reported outcome measures (PROM). Design: Cross-sectional study including 60 patients (30 men, 30 women) with hip osteoarthritis scheduled for hip replacement. Method: The counter movement jump and 10-m sprint tests were used to determine functional performance, accelerometer-sensors were used to determine physical activity and the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS) was used to determine PROM. Results: (i) LEP in the affected leg corresponded to 79% [95% CI 74%; 85%] of the non-affected leg, (ii) LEP was positively associated with functional performance tests (β 0.63 to 0.78, p < 0.05), (iii) positively associated although non-significantly with physical activity (β 0.16 to 0.23, p > 0.05) and (iv) positively associated with the six HAGOS subscales (β 0.25 to 0.54, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Functional performance tests may be used as feasible, inexpensive and fast ways to assess LEP in clinical settings. These results may suggest that interventions aimed at improving LEP can improve functional performance and PROM, but not physical activity. Future research is needed to confirm the causality of these cross-sectional findings. The clinical trial registration numbers: Danish Data Protection Agency (1-16-02-640-14), ClinicalTrials.gov (NTC02301182) and approved by the Danish Biomedical Research Ethics Committee (1-10-72- 343-14) prior to data collection.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer102678
TidsskriftMusculoskeletal Science and Practice
Vol/bind62
Antal sider8
ISSN2468-7812
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2022

    Forskningsområder

  • Hip osteoarthritis, Hip and groin pain, Leg extension power, Physical activity, Functional performance

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