The Macrophage Activation Marker Soluble CD163 is Longitudinally Associated With Insulin Sensitivity and β-cell Function

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  • Zhila Semnani-Azad, University Toronto
  • ,
  • Philip W. Connelly, University of Toronto, University Toronto
  • ,
  • Luke W. Johnston
  • ,
  • Ravi Retnakaran, University Toronto, Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute of Mount Sinai Hospital
  • ,
  • Stewart B. Harris, University of Western Australia
  • ,
  • Bernard Zinman, University Toronto, Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute of Mount Sinai Hospital
  • ,
  • Anthony J. Hanley, University Toronto, Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute of Mount Sinai Hospital

CONTEXT: Chronic inflammation arising from adipose tissue macrophage (ATM) activation may be central in type 2 diabetes etiology. Our objective was to assess the longitudinal associations of soluble CD163 (sCD163), a novel biomarker of ATM activation, with insulin sensitivity, β-cell function, and dysglycemia in high-risk subjects. METHODS: Adults at risk for type 2 diabetes in the Prospective Metabolism and Islet Cell Evaluation (PROMISE) study had 3 assessments over 6 years (n = 408). Levels of sCD163 were measured using fasting serum. Insulin sensitivity was assessed by HOMA2-%S and the Matsuda index (ISI). β-cell function was determined by insulinogenic index (IGI) over HOMA-IR and insulin secretion-sensitivity index-2 (ISSI-2). Incident dysglycemia was defined as the onset of impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or type 2 diabetes. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) evaluated longitudinal associations of sCD163 with insulin sensitivity, β-cell function, and incident dysglycemia adjusting for demographic and lifestyle covariates. Areas under receiver-operating-characteristic curve (AROC) tested whether sCD163 improved dysglycemia prediction in a clinical model. RESULTS: Longitudinal analyses showed significant inverse associations between sCD163 and insulin sensitivity (% difference per standard deviation increase of sCD163 for HOMA2-%S (β = -7.01; 95% CI, -12.26 to -1.44) and ISI (β = -7.60; 95% CI, -11.09 to -3.97) and β-cell function (ISSI-2 (β = -4.67; 95 %CI, -8.59 to -0.58) and IGI/HOMA-IR (β = -8.75; 95% CI, -15.42 to -1.56)). Increased sCD163 was associated with greater risk for incident dysglycemia (odds ratio = 1.04; 95% CI, 1.02-1.06; P < 0.001). Adding sCD163 data to a model with clinical variables improved prediction of incident dysglycemia (AROC=0.6731 vs 0.638; P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: sCD163 was longitudinally associated with core disorders that precede the onset of type 2 diabetes.

TidsskriftThe Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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