The interday repeatability of parameters for the assessment of progressive disease in subjects with less advanced keratoconus

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Purpose: To evaluate the interday repeatability in the measurement of parameters used for the detection of progression of keratoconus by prediction limits (PL) for single measurements, and the repeatability coefficient (RC) for the mean of replicate measurements. Design: Prospective reliability analysis for cases and control eyes. Methods: Twenty-five eyes in 25 subjects with KC and 25 eyes in 25 healthy controls were included. Four consecutive measurements were made, 3 days apart, with a Pentacam HR tomographic instrument (denoted the Pentacam) and a Nidek ARK 560-A auto-keratometer (denoted the keratometer). Main outcome measures were the intra- and interday RC of parameters used in the detection of progression of keratoconus. Results: The most repeatable parameter obtained with the Pentacam was the curvature power of the central flat meridian (K1, 0.44 D [RC], -0.55 to 0.60 diopter [D] [PL]), followed by the central steep meridian (K2, 0.72 D [RC], -0.90 to 0.94 D [PL]). The interday repeatability of K1 and K2 was similar when using the keratometer (K1, 0.32 D [RC], -0.66 to 0.57 D [PL], K2, 0.93 D [RC], -1.36 to 1.08 D [PL]). The interday repeatability of the curvature power of the steepest point (Kmax, 0.84 D [RC], -0.90 to 1.11 D [PL]) would benefit from being stratified: RC = 0.44 D and PL = -0.49 to 0.67 D for Kmax < 49.0 D, and RC = 1.08 D and PL = -1.19 to 1.42 D for Kmax ≥ 49.0 D. Conclusions: The interday repeatability of measurements, single or replicate, in subjects with keratoconus should be considered when diagnosing progressive disease. K1 exhibited the best intraday repeatability. Kmax benefits from being stratified according to disease severity.

TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Sider (fra-til)38-46
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - maj 2021

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