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The Influence of Form- and Meaning-Based Predictions on Cortical Speech Processing Under Challenging Listening Conditions: A MEG Study

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The Influence of Form- and Meaning-Based Predictions on Cortical Speech Processing Under Challenging Listening Conditions : A MEG Study. / Signoret, Carine; Andersen, Lau M.; Dahlström, Örjan; Blomberg, Rina; Lundqvist, Daniel; Rudner, Mary; Rönnberg, Jerker.

I: Frontiers in Neuroscience, Bind 14, 573254, 09.2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Signoret, C, Andersen, LM, Dahlström, Ö, Blomberg, R, Lundqvist, D, Rudner, M & Rönnberg, J 2020, 'The Influence of Form- and Meaning-Based Predictions on Cortical Speech Processing Under Challenging Listening Conditions: A MEG Study', Frontiers in Neuroscience, bind 14, 573254. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2020.573254

APA

Signoret, C., Andersen, L. M., Dahlström, Ö., Blomberg, R., Lundqvist, D., Rudner, M., & Rönnberg, J. (2020). The Influence of Form- and Meaning-Based Predictions on Cortical Speech Processing Under Challenging Listening Conditions: A MEG Study. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 14, [573254]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2020.573254

CBE

Signoret C, Andersen LM, Dahlström Ö, Blomberg R, Lundqvist D, Rudner M, Rönnberg J. 2020. The Influence of Form- and Meaning-Based Predictions on Cortical Speech Processing Under Challenging Listening Conditions: A MEG Study. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 14:Article 573254. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2020.573254

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Signoret, Carine ; Andersen, Lau M. ; Dahlström, Örjan ; Blomberg, Rina ; Lundqvist, Daniel ; Rudner, Mary ; Rönnberg, Jerker. / The Influence of Form- and Meaning-Based Predictions on Cortical Speech Processing Under Challenging Listening Conditions : A MEG Study. I: Frontiers in Neuroscience. 2020 ; Bind 14.

Bibtex

@article{9d99263ea88e47728e389f8b6e77c6d2,
title = "The Influence of Form- and Meaning-Based Predictions on Cortical Speech Processing Under Challenging Listening Conditions: A MEG Study",
abstract = "Under adverse listening conditions, prior linguistic knowledge about the form (i.e., phonology) and meaning (i.e., semantics) help us to predict what an interlocutor is about to say. Previous research has shown that accurate predictions of incoming speech increase speech intelligibility, and that semantic predictions enhance the perceptual clarity of degraded speech even when exact phonological predictions are possible. In addition, working memory (WM) is thought to have specific influence over anticipatory mechanisms by actively maintaining and updating the relevance of predicted vs. unpredicted speech inputs. However, the relative impact on speech processing of deviations from expectations related to form and meaning is incompletely understood. Here, we use MEG to investigate the cortical temporal processing of deviations from the expected form and meaning of final words during sentence processing. Our overall aim was to observe how deviations from the expected form and meaning modulate cortical speech processing under adverse listening conditions and investigate the degree to which this is associated with WM capacity. Results indicated that different types of deviations are processed differently in the auditory N400 and Mismatch Negativity (MMN) components. In particular, MMN was sensitive to the type of deviation (form or meaning) whereas the N400 was sensitive to the magnitude of the deviation rather than its type. WM capacity was associated with the ability to process phonological incoming information and semantic integration.",
keywords = "MEG, phonological knowledge, predictability, semantic knowledge, speech perception, working memory",
author = "Carine Signoret and Andersen, {Lau M.} and {\"O}rjan Dahlstr{\"o}m and Rina Blomberg and Daniel Lundqvist and Mary Rudner and Jerker R{\"o}nnberg",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
doi = "10.3389/fnins.2020.573254",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "Frontiers in Neuroscience",
issn = "1662-4548",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Influence of Form- and Meaning-Based Predictions on Cortical Speech Processing Under Challenging Listening Conditions

T2 - A MEG Study

AU - Signoret, Carine

AU - Andersen, Lau M.

AU - Dahlström, Örjan

AU - Blomberg, Rina

AU - Lundqvist, Daniel

AU - Rudner, Mary

AU - Rönnberg, Jerker

PY - 2020/9

Y1 - 2020/9

N2 - Under adverse listening conditions, prior linguistic knowledge about the form (i.e., phonology) and meaning (i.e., semantics) help us to predict what an interlocutor is about to say. Previous research has shown that accurate predictions of incoming speech increase speech intelligibility, and that semantic predictions enhance the perceptual clarity of degraded speech even when exact phonological predictions are possible. In addition, working memory (WM) is thought to have specific influence over anticipatory mechanisms by actively maintaining and updating the relevance of predicted vs. unpredicted speech inputs. However, the relative impact on speech processing of deviations from expectations related to form and meaning is incompletely understood. Here, we use MEG to investigate the cortical temporal processing of deviations from the expected form and meaning of final words during sentence processing. Our overall aim was to observe how deviations from the expected form and meaning modulate cortical speech processing under adverse listening conditions and investigate the degree to which this is associated with WM capacity. Results indicated that different types of deviations are processed differently in the auditory N400 and Mismatch Negativity (MMN) components. In particular, MMN was sensitive to the type of deviation (form or meaning) whereas the N400 was sensitive to the magnitude of the deviation rather than its type. WM capacity was associated with the ability to process phonological incoming information and semantic integration.

AB - Under adverse listening conditions, prior linguistic knowledge about the form (i.e., phonology) and meaning (i.e., semantics) help us to predict what an interlocutor is about to say. Previous research has shown that accurate predictions of incoming speech increase speech intelligibility, and that semantic predictions enhance the perceptual clarity of degraded speech even when exact phonological predictions are possible. In addition, working memory (WM) is thought to have specific influence over anticipatory mechanisms by actively maintaining and updating the relevance of predicted vs. unpredicted speech inputs. However, the relative impact on speech processing of deviations from expectations related to form and meaning is incompletely understood. Here, we use MEG to investigate the cortical temporal processing of deviations from the expected form and meaning of final words during sentence processing. Our overall aim was to observe how deviations from the expected form and meaning modulate cortical speech processing under adverse listening conditions and investigate the degree to which this is associated with WM capacity. Results indicated that different types of deviations are processed differently in the auditory N400 and Mismatch Negativity (MMN) components. In particular, MMN was sensitive to the type of deviation (form or meaning) whereas the N400 was sensitive to the magnitude of the deviation rather than its type. WM capacity was associated with the ability to process phonological incoming information and semantic integration.

KW - MEG

KW - phonological knowledge

KW - predictability

KW - semantic knowledge

KW - speech perception

KW - working memory

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85092436758&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fnins.2020.573254

DO - 10.3389/fnins.2020.573254

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33100961

AN - SCOPUS:85092436758

VL - 14

JO - Frontiers in Neuroscience

JF - Frontiers in Neuroscience

SN - 1662-4548

M1 - 573254

ER -