The influence of different scan resolutions on the detection of proximal caries lesions

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  • Liana Matos Ferreira, Universidade Estadual de Campinas
  • ,
  • Polyane Mazucatto Queiroz, Universidade Estadual de Campinas
  • ,
  • Gustavo Machado Santaella, Universidade Estadual de Campinas
  • ,
  • Ann Wenzel
  • Francisco Carlos Groppo, Universidade Estadual de Campinas
  • ,
  • Francisco Haiter-Neto, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different spatial resolutions of a photostimulable phosphor plate (PSP) radiography system on the detection of proximal caries lesions. Materials and Methods: Forty-five extracted human permanent teeth were radiographed using a PSP system (VistaScan Perio Plus) and scanned at the 4 resolutions (10 lp/mm, 20 lp/mm, 25 lp/mm, and 40 lp/mm) available in the system. Three independent examiners scored the images for the presence and absence of proximal caries lesions using a 5-point scale. The presence or absence of caries was confirmed by histological sections of the examined teeth (defined as the gold standard). Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility was calculated by the weighted kappa test. One-way analysis of variance with the post hoc Tukey test was used to compare the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the classifications made with each resolution. Results: For the detection of enamel lesions, the spatial resolution of 10 lp/mm was significantly superior to the other resolutions. However, the spatial resolution did not affect the detection of caries lesions in dentin (P>0.05). Conclusion: Spatial resolution may influence the accuracy of the detection of incipient caries lesions in radiographs with PSP plates. Images with low spatial resolution seem to be more appropriate for this purpose.

TidsskriftImaging Science in Dentistry
Sider (fra-til)97-102
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2019

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