The impact of mindfulness-based interventions on brain activity: A systematic review of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

  • Katherine S Young, Anxiety and Depression Research Center, Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
  • ,
  • Anne Maj van der Velden
  • Michelle G Craske, Anxiety and Depression Research Center, Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
  • ,
  • Karen Johanne Pallesen
  • ,
  • Lone Fjorback
  • Andreas Roepstorff
  • Christine E Parsons

Mindfulness-based interventions are increasingly used in the treatment and prevention of mental health conditions. Despite this, the mechanisms of change for such interventions are only beginning to be understood, with a number of recent studies assessing changes in brain activity. The aim of this systematic review was to assess changes in brain functioning associated with manualised 8-session mindfulness interventions. Searches of PubMed and Scopus databases resulted in 39 papers, 7 of which were eligible for inclusion. The most consistent longitudinal effect observed was increased insular cortex activity following mindfulness-based interventions. In contrast to previous reviews, we did not find robust evidence for increased activity in specific prefrontal cortex sub-regions. These findings suggest that mindfulness interventions are associated with changes in functioning of the insula, plausibly impacting awareness of internal reactions ‘in-the-moment’. The studies reviewed here demonstrated a variety of effects across populations and tasks, pointing to the need for greater consistency in future study design.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNeuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
Vol/bind84
NummerJanuary
Sider (fra-til)424-433
Antal sider10
ISSN0149-7634
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2018

Se relationer på Aarhus Universitet Citationsformater

ID: 116848477