The impact of full-thickness rotator cuff tear on shoulder function and quality of life in patients who sustain a proximal humerus fracture—a prospective cohort study

Helle K. Østergaard*, Antti P. Launonen, Bakir O. Sumrein, Marianne T. Vestermark, Juha Paloneva, Minna K. Laitinen, Ville M. Mattila, Inger Mechlenburg

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Background: Only few studies have investigated the impact of rotator cuff integrity on patients with proximal humerus fracture (PHF). We aimed to determine if the presence of a rotator cuff tear impairs shoulder function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after nonsurgically treated PHF. Methods: Sixty-seven patients with PHF were recruited prospectively in a cohort. Presence of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear was determined by ultrasound examination. After 6 and 12 months, Constant-Murley Score; Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand; the Visual Analog Scale; EuroQol-5 Domain; and the 15D scores were compared between the patients with a rotator cuff tear and patients with an intact rotator cuff. Results: The prevalence of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear was 34%. After 12 months, the mean Constant-Murley Score was 65.7 (standard deviation 16.3) in the intact rotator cuff group vs. 53.9 (16.0) in the rotator cuff tear group (mean diff. 11.8, 95% confidence interval 2.5; 21.2) and was found to be a clinically relevant difference. A significantly lower HRQoL was found on the EuroQol-5 Domain score after 12 months in the rotator cuff tear group with a median score of 1 (interquartile range 0.23) in the intact rotator cuff group vs. 0.75 (interquartile range 0.34) in the rotator cuff tear group (P =.03). In the remaining outcome measures, no statistically significant between-group differences were detected. Conclusion: Rotator cuff tear in older adults with nonsurgically treated PHF may be considered a prognostic factor for poorer shoulder function and HRQoL. This knowledge can support the planning of treatment.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJSES international
Vol/bind6
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)268-274
Antal sider7
ISSN2666-6383
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2022

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