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The house, the tile stove and the climate change. Some thoughts on building archaeological evidence for climate change between Medieval Warm Period and Little Ice Age

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The tile stove was invented in the North Alpine area between the 8th and 10th century. Apart from convection air heating and clay cupola ovens, this system provided the only possibility for a smoke-free heated living room. The innovation of the tile stove heating system itself did not reach the Southern Scandinavian region until the 12th century. In the Upper German speaking area, this heating system had been connected to a characteristic ground plan since the 14th century. This so-called ninefold ground plan consisted of the "stube" and the adjacent kitchen, a central corridor and unheated chambers in three bays and two or three aisles. It probably originated from the "appartement" in a noble context, but "trickled down" to urban and rural housing.
In contrast to the quick spread of the heating system, this ground plan was only gradually adopted in the Lower Mountain Range, Northern Germany and Southern Scandinavia. The chronological development of this innovation process is in line with a climate change between the "Medieval Optimum" in the 12th century and the "Little Ice Age" in the 16th and 17th centuries, which may have supported the motivation to adopt a more elaborate way of living performed originally within the framework of court culture.
TidsskriftZeitschrift fuer Archaeologie des Mittelalters
Sider (fra-til)241-256
Antal sider16
StatusUdgivet - 2014

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