The heart rate discrimination task: A psychophysical method to estimate the accuracy and precision of interoceptive beliefs

Nicolas Legrand*, Niia Nikolova, Camile Correa, Malthe Brændholt, Anna Stuckert, Nanna Kildahl, Melina Vejlø, Francesca Fardo, Micah Allen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Abstract

Interoception - the physiological sense of our inner bodies - has risen to the forefront of psychological and psychiatric research. Much of this research utilizes tasks that attempt to measure the ability to accurately detect cardiac signals. Unfortunately, these approaches are confounded by well-known issues limiting their validity and interpretation. At the core of this controversy is the role of subjective beliefs about the heart rate in confounding measures of interoceptive accuracy. Here, we recast these beliefs as an important part of the causal machinery of interoception, and offer a novel psychophysical “heart rate discrimination“ method to estimate their accuracy and precision. By applying this task in 223 healthy participants, we demonstrate that cardiac interoceptive beliefs are more biased, less precise, and are associated with poorer metacognitive insight relative to an exteroceptive control condition. Our task, provided as an open-source python package, offers a robust approach to quantifying cardiac beliefs.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer108239
TidsskriftBiological Psychology
Vol/bind168
Antal sider14
ISSN0301-0511
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2022

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