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The expression of vulgarity, force, severity and size: phonaesthemic alternations in Reta and in other languages

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The expression of vulgarity, force, severity and size : phonaesthemic alternations in Reta and in other languages. / Willemsen, Jeroen; Miltersen, Ehm Hjorth.

I: Studies in Language, Bind 44, Nr. 3, 2020, s. 659-699.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Willemsen, Jeroen ; Miltersen, Ehm Hjorth. / The expression of vulgarity, force, severity and size : phonaesthemic alternations in Reta and in other languages. I: Studies in Language. 2020 ; Bind 44, Nr. 3. s. 659-699.

Bibtex

@article{0d7aec2a50ad46528df1f413e59baba2,
title = "The expression of vulgarity, force, severity and size: phonaesthemic alternations in Reta and in other languages",
abstract = "Phonaesthemes are a common phenomenon, but they are generally not in paradigmatic opposition like morphemes are (Svantesson 2017: 6). Reta, however, has a phonaesthemic contrast /l/~/r/, where /r/-colouring of neutral base words signifies an increase in vulgarity, intensity, size or severity (e.g. ɓela {\textquoteleft}bad{\textquoteright} vs. ɓera {\textquoteleft}terrible{\textquoteright}, -ool {\textquoteleft}penis{\textquoteright} vs. -oor {\textquoteleft}cock{\textquoteright}). This paper describes this phenomenon in detail, and provides a discussion as to whether it is best classified as morphological, phonaesthemic, or otherwise. We argue that, although some of the cross-linguistic criteria for phonaesthemes exclude phonaesthemic /r/ from being classified as such, it is not straightforwardly classified as either phonological or morphological. Using Kwon & Round{\textquoteright}s (2015) criteria for phonaesthesia and derivational morphology, we compare Reta phonaesthemes to similar phenomena in other languages. We argue that such alternations differ from phonaesthemes and morphology in fundamental ways, and are best construed as a distinct cross-linguistic category.",
author = "Jeroen Willemsen and Miltersen, {Ehm Hjorth}",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1075/sl.19073.wil",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "659--699",
journal = "Studies in Language",
issn = "0378-4177",
publisher = "JohnBenjamins Publishing Co.",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The expression of vulgarity, force, severity and size

T2 - phonaesthemic alternations in Reta and in other languages

AU - Willemsen, Jeroen

AU - Miltersen, Ehm Hjorth

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Phonaesthemes are a common phenomenon, but they are generally not in paradigmatic opposition like morphemes are (Svantesson 2017: 6). Reta, however, has a phonaesthemic contrast /l/~/r/, where /r/-colouring of neutral base words signifies an increase in vulgarity, intensity, size or severity (e.g. ɓela ‘bad’ vs. ɓera ‘terrible’, -ool ‘penis’ vs. -oor ‘cock’). This paper describes this phenomenon in detail, and provides a discussion as to whether it is best classified as morphological, phonaesthemic, or otherwise. We argue that, although some of the cross-linguistic criteria for phonaesthemes exclude phonaesthemic /r/ from being classified as such, it is not straightforwardly classified as either phonological or morphological. Using Kwon & Round’s (2015) criteria for phonaesthesia and derivational morphology, we compare Reta phonaesthemes to similar phenomena in other languages. We argue that such alternations differ from phonaesthemes and morphology in fundamental ways, and are best construed as a distinct cross-linguistic category.

AB - Phonaesthemes are a common phenomenon, but they are generally not in paradigmatic opposition like morphemes are (Svantesson 2017: 6). Reta, however, has a phonaesthemic contrast /l/~/r/, where /r/-colouring of neutral base words signifies an increase in vulgarity, intensity, size or severity (e.g. ɓela ‘bad’ vs. ɓera ‘terrible’, -ool ‘penis’ vs. -oor ‘cock’). This paper describes this phenomenon in detail, and provides a discussion as to whether it is best classified as morphological, phonaesthemic, or otherwise. We argue that, although some of the cross-linguistic criteria for phonaesthemes exclude phonaesthemic /r/ from being classified as such, it is not straightforwardly classified as either phonological or morphological. Using Kwon & Round’s (2015) criteria for phonaesthesia and derivational morphology, we compare Reta phonaesthemes to similar phenomena in other languages. We argue that such alternations differ from phonaesthemes and morphology in fundamental ways, and are best construed as a distinct cross-linguistic category.

U2 - 10.1075/sl.19073.wil

DO - 10.1075/sl.19073.wil

M3 - Journal article

VL - 44

SP - 659

EP - 699

JO - Studies in Language

JF - Studies in Language

SN - 0378-4177

IS - 3

ER -