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The effects of birth weight and estimated breeding value for protein deposition on nitrogen efficiency in growing pigs

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  • C.M.C. van der Peet-Schwering, Wageningen UR Livestock Research, Holland
  • Lisanne M G Verschuren, Wageningen University, Topigs Norsvin Research Center B.V, Agrocampus Ouest, Holland
  • R. Bergsma, Topigs Norsvin Research Center B.V, Holland
  • Mette Skou Hedemann
  • Gisabeth P Binnendijk, Wageningen UR Livestock Research, Holland
  • Alfons J M Jansman, Wageningen UR Livestock Research, Holland

The effects of birth weight (BiW; low BiW [LBW] vs. high BiW [HBW]) and estimated breeding value (EBV) for protein deposition (low EBV [LBV] vs. high EBV [HBV]) on N retention, N efficiency, and concentrations of metabolites in plasma and urine related to N efficiency in growing pigs were studied. At an age of 14 wk, 10 LBW-LBV (BiW: 1.07 ± 0.09 [SD] kg; EBV: -2.52 ± 3.97 g/d, compared with an average crossbred pig with a protein deposition of 165 g/d), 10 LBW-HBV (BiW: 1.02 ± 0.13 kg; EBV: 10.47 ± 4.26 g/d), 10 HBW-LBV (BiW: 1.80 ± 0.13 kg; EBV: -2.15 ± 2.28 g/d), and 10 HBW-HBV (BiW: 1.80 ± 0.15 kg; EBV: 11.18 ± 3.68 g/d) male growing pigs were allotted to the experiment. The pigs were individually housed in metabolism cages and were subjected to an N balance study in two sequential periods of 5 d, after an 11-d dietary adaptation period. Pigs were assigned to a protein adequate (A) or protein restricted (R, 70% of A) regime in a change-over design. Pigs were fed 2.8 times the energy requirements for maintenance. Nontargeted metabolomics analyses were performed in urine and blood plasma samples. The N retention (in g/d) was higher in the HBW than in the LBW pigs (P < 0.001). The N retention (in g/[kg metabolic body weight (BW0.75) · d]) and N efficiency, however, were not affected by the BiW of the pigs. The N retention (P = 0.04) and N efficiency (P = 0.04) were higher in HBV than in LVB pigs on the A regime but were not affected by EBV in pigs on the R regime. Restricting the dietary protein supply with 30% decreased the N retention (P < 0.001) but increased the N efficiency (P = 0.003). Nontargeted metabolomics showed that a hexose, free amino acids (AA), and lysophosphatidylcholines were the most important metabolites in plasma for the discrimination between HBV and LBV pigs, whereas metabolites of microbial origin contributed to the discrimination between HBV and LBV pigs in urine. This study shows that BiW does not affect N efficiency in the later life of pigs. Nitrogen efficiency and N retention were higher in HBV than in LBV pigs on the A regime but similar in HBV and LBV pigs on the R regime. In precision feeding concepts aiming to further optimize protein and AA efficiency in pigs, the variation in EBV for protein deposition of pigs should be considered as a factor determining N retention, growth performance, and N efficiency.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Animal Science
Vol/bind99
Nummer6
Antal sider13
ISSN0021-8812
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2021

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