The effect of relative humidity on the survival and growth rate of the Yellow mealworm larvae (Tenebrio molitor, Linnaeus 1758)

Nathalie Skytte Johnsen, J.L. Andersen, Joachim Offenberg

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    Abstract

    The current livestock sector is a large contributor to the environmental challenges facing the world. To reduce the environmental impact of food production, a change of the sector is necessary. Entomophagy could be a step towards a more sustainable protein production. However, the insect farming community has a short history compared to conventional livestock, thus, it lacks knowledge of how a profitable mass production of insects is established. In this study we aimed to find the optimal relative humidity for production of larvae of a popular species for insect farming; the yellow mealworm, Tenebrio molitor. More specifically we tested the effect of relative humidities (RH) of 43, 51, 68, 75 and 84% on the survival rate, mass and length of T. molitor larvae, from hatching and two weeks forward. Control of RH were achieved using the saturated salt solution method, and the temperature was kept at 30oC. Experiments were carried out over 12 weeks. The sample size was 100 larvae and eight replicates per treatment. Results showed that the relative humidity had no effect on larval survival rate but had a significant effect on individual larvae mass and length after three weeks. Larval mass and length increased with humidity, and larvae reared at a relative humidity of 84% were 1.96 times heavier and 1.31 times longer than larvae raised at 43%. Hence, for an industrial mass producer of T. molitor larvae, applying close to the optimal relative humidity of 84% would likely result in an increased larvae size at harvest and a faster growth rate, ultimately leading to a higher yield.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftJournal of Insects as Food and Feed
    Vol/bind7
    Nummer3
    Sider (fra-til) 311-318
    Antal sider8
    ISSN2352-4588
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2021

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