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The Effect of Normobaric Intermittent Hypoxia Therapy on Bone in Normal and Disuse Osteopenic Mice

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Bromer, Frederik Duch, Mikkel Bo Brent, Michael Pedersen, Jesper Skovhus Thomsen, Annemarie Brüel, and Casper Bindzus Foldager. The effect of normobaric intermittent hypoxia therapy on bone in normal and disuse osteopenic mice. High Alt Med Biol. 22 225-234, 2021. Background Systemic intermittent hypoxia therapy (IHT) has been shown to elicit beneficial effects on multiple physiological systems. However, only few studies have investigated the effect of long-term normobaric IHT on bone mass and mechanical and microstructural properties. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of IHT on bone in both healthy and osteopenic mice. Materials and Methods Thirty mice were stratified into four groups Ctrl, Ctrl+IHT, Botox, and Botox+IHT. Osteopenia was induced by injecting Botox into the right hindlimb of the mice causing paralysis and disuse. IHT animals were placed in a normobaric hypoxia-chamber (10% oxygen) for 1 hour twice daily 5 days/week. Animals were sacrificed after 21 days, and DEXA, micro-computed tomography, and mechanical testing were performed on the femora. Results As expected, Botox resulted in a significant reduction of bone mineral content (-23.4%), area bone mineral density (-19.1%), femoral neck strength (Fmax -54.7%), bone volume fraction (bone volume/tissue volume -41.8%), and trabecular thickness (-32.4%). IHT had no measurable effect on the bone properties in either healthy or osteopenic mice. Conclusion The study confirmed that Botox led to loss of bone mass, deterioration of trabecular microstructure, and loss of bone strength. These changes were not influenced by IHT. Notably, IHT had no detrimental effect on bone in either healthy or osteopenic mice. This indicates that IHT of ailments outside of the skeletal system may be administered without causing harm to the bone.

TidsskriftHigh Altitude Medicine and Biology
Sider (fra-til)225-234
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2021

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