The effect of K+ on the equilibrium between the E2 and the K+-occluded E2 conformation of the (Na+ + K+)-ATPase

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  • Institut for Fysiologi og Biofysik
The rate of the transition from the E2 form to the E1 form of (Na+ + K+)-ATPase (ATP phosphohydrolase, EC has been monitored by the fluorescence changes of eosin. The equilibrium between E1 and E2 is poised towards E2 in the absence of added cations. A stopped-flow tracing of the transition from E2 in the presence of 2 microM K+ (contamination) to E1 (in 150 mM Na+) is multiexponential with a large, rapidly decaying component (t 1/2 about 50 ms) and a smaller component which has a t 1/2 of about 2 s. KCl in microM concentrations decreases the amplitude of the rapidly decaying component and increases the amplitude of the slow component. The stopped-flow tracings can be satisfactorily fitted by a sum of three exponentials. An apparent Kd for K+ of about 5 microM is obtained for the conversion of the rapidly decaying component to the slowly decaying component. The experiments show that the E2 form is a mixture of at least two enzyme conformations. One E2 conformation - without K+ bound, (E2) - is transferred rapidly to the E1 conformation when Na+ is added, whereas the other E2-conformation--with K+ bound with an apparent high affinity, Kocc E2--is transferred slowly to the E1 conformation.
TidsskriftBBA General Subjects
Sider (fra-til)413-417
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 14 nov. 1983

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