The Effect of an Electric Field on the Spectroscopic Properties of the Isolated Green Fluorescent Protein Chromophore Anion

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Here we uncover the direct effect of a high electric field on the absorption by the Green Fluorescent Protein chromophore anion isolated in vacuo based on gas-phase action spectroscopy. Betaine is a strong molecular dipole that creates an electric field of ∼70 MV/cm when attached to the ion at the phenolate oxygen, more than half the actual field from the protein matrix and pointing in the same direction. Nevertheless, the shift in absorption is limited (0.08 eV), supporting earlier conclusions, but subject to much debate, that the protein is rather innocent in perturbing the transition energy. The betaine complexes are readily made by electrospray ionization and in contrast to the bare ions, they dissociate after one-photon absorption. Also, electron detachment is not an open channel complicating the bare ion case. As steric constraints are absent in vacuo, the possibility of turning on fluorescence by an electric field can be tested from experiments on complexes with betaine.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftChemPhysChem
Vol/bind19
Nummer14
Sider (fra-til)1686-1690
Antal sider5
ISSN1439-4235
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 17 jul. 2018

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