The coupling of dynamics and permeability in the hydrocarbon accumulation period controls the oil-bearing potential of low permeability reservoirs: a case study of the low permeability turbidite reservoirs in the middle part of the third member of Shahejie Formation in Dongying Sag

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Dokumenter

DOI

  • Tian Yang, Laboratory for Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, China University of Petroleum, Danmark
  • Ying-Chang Cao, China University of Petroleum, Laboratory for Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Kina
  • Yan-Zhong Wang, China University of Petroleum, Laboratory for Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology
  • ,
  • Henrik Friis
  • Beyene Girma Haile, Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Ke-Lai Xi, China University of Petroleum, Laboratory for Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Hu-Na Zhang, China University of Petroleum, Laboratory for Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology
The relationships between permeability and dynamics in hydrocarbon accumulation determine oilbearing potential (the potential oil charge) of low permeability reservoirs. The evolution of porosity and permeability
of low permeability turbidite reservoirs of the middle part of the third member of the Shahejie Formation in the Dongying Sag has been investigated by detailed core descriptions, thin section analyses, fluid inclusion analyses, carbon and oxygen isotope analyses, mercury injection, porosity and permeability testing, and basin modeling. The cutoff values for the permeability of the reservoirs in the accumulation period were calculated after detailing the accumulation dynamics and reservoir pore structures, then the distribution pattern of the oil-bearing potential of reservoirs controlled by the matching relationship between
dynamics and permeability during the accumulation period were summarized. On the basis of the observed diagenetic features and with regard to the paragenetic sequences, the reservoirs can be subdivided into four types of diagenetic facies. The reservoirs experienced two periods of hydrocarbon
accumulation. In the early accumulation period, the reservoirs except for diagenetic facies A had middle to high permeability ranging from 10 9 10-3 lm2 to 4207 9 10-3 lm2. In the later accumulation period, the reservoirs except for diagenetic facies C had low permeability ranging from 0.015 9 10-3 lm2 to 62 9 10-3 lm2. In the early accumulation period, the fluid pressure increased by the hydrocarbon generation was 1.4–11.3 MPa with an average value of 5.1 MPa, and a surplus pressure of 1.8–12.6 MPa with an average value of 6.3 MPa. In the later accumulation period, the fluid pressure increased by the hydrocarbon generation process was 0.7–12.7 MPa with an average value of 5.36 MPa and a surplus pressure of 1.3–16.2 MPa with an average value of 6.5 MPa. Even though different types of reservoirs exist, all can form hydrocarbon accumulations in the early accumulation period. Such types of reservoirs can form hydrocarbon accumulation with high accumulation dynamics; however, reservoirs with diagenetic facies A and diagenetic facies B do not develop accumulation conditions with low accumulation dynamics in the late accumulation period for very low permeability. At more than 3000 m burial depth, a larger proportion of turbidite reservoirs are oil charged due to the proximity to the source rock. Also at these depths, lenticular sand bodies can accumulate hydrocarbons. At shallower depths, only the reservoirs with oil-source fault development can accumulate hydrocarbons. For flat surfaces, hydrocarbons have always been accumulated in the reservoirs around the oil-source faults and areas near the center of subsags with high accumulation dynamics.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPetroleum Science
Vol/bind13
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)204-224
ISSN1672-5107
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2016

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