The association between long-distance migration and PTSD prevalence in Syrian refugees

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The association between long-distance migration and PTSD prevalence in Syrian refugees. / Eiset, Andreas Halgreen; Aoun, Michaelangelo P; Stougaard, Monica et al.

I: BMC Psychiatry, Bind 22, Nr. 1, 363, 27.05.2022.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Eiset, AH, Aoun, MP, Stougaard, M, Gottlieb, AG, Haddad, RS, Frydenberg, M & Naja, WJ 2022, 'The association between long-distance migration and PTSD prevalence in Syrian refugees', BMC Psychiatry, bind 22, nr. 1, 363. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-022-03982-4

APA

Eiset, A. H., Aoun, M. P., Stougaard, M., Gottlieb, A. G., Haddad, R. S., Frydenberg, M., & Naja, W. J. (2022). The association between long-distance migration and PTSD prevalence in Syrian refugees. BMC Psychiatry, 22(1), [363]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-022-03982-4

CBE

Eiset AH, Aoun MP, Stougaard M, Gottlieb AG, Haddad RS, Frydenberg M, Naja WJ. 2022. The association between long-distance migration and PTSD prevalence in Syrian refugees. BMC Psychiatry. 22(1):Article 363. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-022-03982-4

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Eiset, Andreas Halgreen ; Aoun, Michaelangelo P ; Stougaard, Monica et al. / The association between long-distance migration and PTSD prevalence in Syrian refugees. I: BMC Psychiatry. 2022 ; Bind 22, Nr. 1.

Bibtex

@article{f50b1c1ad0184744ab0bbcd53bf497ea,
title = "The association between long-distance migration and PTSD prevalence in Syrian refugees",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Refugees are forced migrants but there is a large variation in the distance that refugees cover and there is a paucity in the evidence of how this may affect refugees' health and health care needs.OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between long-distance migration and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a serious psychiatric disorder associated with deteriorating mental and somatic health.METHODS: Included from 2016-2019 were adult Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Denmark that arrived up to 12 months prior to inclusion. PTSD was assessed using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the estimate of association was obtained by multiply imputing missing data and adjusting for confounding by propensity score-weighting with covariates age, sex, socioeconomic status, trauma experience and general mental well-being, reporting the bootstrap 95-percentile confidence interval (95% CI). Additionally, a number of sensitivity analyses were performed.RESULTS: Included were 599 participants in Lebanon (mean age 35 years old, 73% being female) and 133 participants in Denmark (mean age 30 years old, 47% being female). After multiply imputing missing data and propensity score-weighted adjustment for confounding, migration to Denmark instead of Lebanon was associated with an increase in PTSD prevalence of 9 percentage point (95% CI [-1; 19] percentage point).CONCLUSIONS: Long-distance migration may be associated with an increase in PTSD prevalence in refugees. The migration could be an important factor to consider when assessing refugees' and asylum seekers' health. Practitioners should consider {"}long-distance migration{"} in refugee health screenings and in particular when assessing the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder. Future research should be designed to ultimately lead to studies of relevant interventions to lower the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder in refugees.",
keywords = "Adult, Female, Humans, Male, Mental Health, Prevalence, Refugees/psychology, Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology, Syria, Emigration and immigration, Refugees, Human migration, PTSD, Propensity score, Post-traumatic stress disorder, Cross-sectional studies",
author = "Eiset, {Andreas Halgreen} and Aoun, {Michaelangelo P} and Monica Stougaard and Gottlieb, {Annemarie Graa} and Haddad, {Ramzi S} and Morten Frydenberg and Naja, {Wadih J}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2022. The Author(s).",
year = "2022",
month = may,
day = "27",
doi = "10.1186/s12888-022-03982-4",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
journal = "B M C Psychiatry",
issn = "1471-244X",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The association between long-distance migration and PTSD prevalence in Syrian refugees

AU - Eiset, Andreas Halgreen

AU - Aoun, Michaelangelo P

AU - Stougaard, Monica

AU - Gottlieb, Annemarie Graa

AU - Haddad, Ramzi S

AU - Frydenberg, Morten

AU - Naja, Wadih J

N1 - © 2022. The Author(s).

PY - 2022/5/27

Y1 - 2022/5/27

N2 - BACKGROUND: Refugees are forced migrants but there is a large variation in the distance that refugees cover and there is a paucity in the evidence of how this may affect refugees' health and health care needs.OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between long-distance migration and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a serious psychiatric disorder associated with deteriorating mental and somatic health.METHODS: Included from 2016-2019 were adult Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Denmark that arrived up to 12 months prior to inclusion. PTSD was assessed using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the estimate of association was obtained by multiply imputing missing data and adjusting for confounding by propensity score-weighting with covariates age, sex, socioeconomic status, trauma experience and general mental well-being, reporting the bootstrap 95-percentile confidence interval (95% CI). Additionally, a number of sensitivity analyses were performed.RESULTS: Included were 599 participants in Lebanon (mean age 35 years old, 73% being female) and 133 participants in Denmark (mean age 30 years old, 47% being female). After multiply imputing missing data and propensity score-weighted adjustment for confounding, migration to Denmark instead of Lebanon was associated with an increase in PTSD prevalence of 9 percentage point (95% CI [-1; 19] percentage point).CONCLUSIONS: Long-distance migration may be associated with an increase in PTSD prevalence in refugees. The migration could be an important factor to consider when assessing refugees' and asylum seekers' health. Practitioners should consider "long-distance migration" in refugee health screenings and in particular when assessing the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder. Future research should be designed to ultimately lead to studies of relevant interventions to lower the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder in refugees.

AB - BACKGROUND: Refugees are forced migrants but there is a large variation in the distance that refugees cover and there is a paucity in the evidence of how this may affect refugees' health and health care needs.OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between long-distance migration and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a serious psychiatric disorder associated with deteriorating mental and somatic health.METHODS: Included from 2016-2019 were adult Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Denmark that arrived up to 12 months prior to inclusion. PTSD was assessed using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the estimate of association was obtained by multiply imputing missing data and adjusting for confounding by propensity score-weighting with covariates age, sex, socioeconomic status, trauma experience and general mental well-being, reporting the bootstrap 95-percentile confidence interval (95% CI). Additionally, a number of sensitivity analyses were performed.RESULTS: Included were 599 participants in Lebanon (mean age 35 years old, 73% being female) and 133 participants in Denmark (mean age 30 years old, 47% being female). After multiply imputing missing data and propensity score-weighted adjustment for confounding, migration to Denmark instead of Lebanon was associated with an increase in PTSD prevalence of 9 percentage point (95% CI [-1; 19] percentage point).CONCLUSIONS: Long-distance migration may be associated with an increase in PTSD prevalence in refugees. The migration could be an important factor to consider when assessing refugees' and asylum seekers' health. Practitioners should consider "long-distance migration" in refugee health screenings and in particular when assessing the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder. Future research should be designed to ultimately lead to studies of relevant interventions to lower the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder in refugees.

KW - Adult

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Mental Health

KW - Prevalence

KW - Refugees/psychology

KW - Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology

KW - Syria

KW - Emigration and immigration

KW - Refugees

KW - Human migration

KW - PTSD

KW - Propensity score

KW - Post-traumatic stress disorder

KW - Cross-sectional studies

U2 - 10.1186/s12888-022-03982-4

DO - 10.1186/s12888-022-03982-4

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35624508

VL - 22

JO - B M C Psychiatry

JF - B M C Psychiatry

SN - 1471-244X

IS - 1

M1 - 363

ER -