Test-retest reliability and limits of agreement of the Six-Spot Step Test in people with Parkinson's disease

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DOI

OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to evaluate the within-day and day-to-day agreement and reliability of the Six-Spot Step Test in mild to moderately disabled people with Parkinson's disease.

DESIGN:: Cross-sectional cohort study.

SETTING:: Outpatient clinics.

SUBJECTS:: Forty-four people with Parkinson's disease.

MAIN MEASURE:: The Six-Spot Step Test was completed twice on day 1. Two days later, the Six-Spot Step Test was completed again. The agreement was estimated by Bland-Altman statistics with 95% limits of agreement, and reliability was estimated by the intraclass correlation coefficient.

RESULTS:: Subjects had a mean (SD) age of 67.8 (6.8) years, a median (range) Hoehn and Yahr score of 2.5 (1-4) and a mean (SD) Six-Spot Step Test score of 8.1 (1.8), 7.6 (1.7) and 7.6 (1.6) seconds on test occasions 1 to 3. An agreement for within-day and day-to-day of ±1.8 (±23.7%) and ±2.2 (±26.7%) seconds was found, respectively. The reliability was 0.81 and 0.76 within-day and day-to-day, respectively. A small learning effect was observed ( P < 0.05) between the first and second Six-Spot Step Test, but there was no learning between the second and third occasions.

CONCLUSION:: The Six-Spot Step Test has an acceptable within-day and day-to-day agreement and reliability in mild to moderately disabled people with Parkinson's disease. A change of 2.2 seconds can be regarded as a true change. To minimize learning effects, test trials of the Six-Spot Step Test are recommended before use.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Rehabilitation
Vol/bind33
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)285-292
ISSN0269-2155
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2019

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