Test-retest agreement and reliability of the Six Spot Step Test in persons with multiple sclerosis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Standard

Test-retest agreement and reliability of the Six Spot Step Test in persons with multiple sclerosis. / Callesen, Jacob; Richter, Christina; Kristensen, Cecilie; Sunesen, Inger; Næsby, Marie; Dalgas, Ulrik; Skjerbæk, Anders Guldhammer.

I: Multiple Sclerosis, Bind 25, Nr. 2, 02.2019, s. 286-294.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Callesen, J, Richter, C, Kristensen, C, Sunesen, I, Næsby, M, Dalgas, U & Skjerbæk, AG 2019, 'Test-retest agreement and reliability of the Six Spot Step Test in persons with multiple sclerosis', Multiple Sclerosis, bind 25, nr. 2, s. 286-294. https://doi.org/10.1177/1352458517745725

APA

Callesen, J., Richter, C., Kristensen, C., Sunesen, I., Næsby, M., Dalgas, U., & Skjerbæk, A. G. (2019). Test-retest agreement and reliability of the Six Spot Step Test in persons with multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis, 25(2), 286-294. https://doi.org/10.1177/1352458517745725

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Callesen, Jacob ; Richter, Christina ; Kristensen, Cecilie ; Sunesen, Inger ; Næsby, Marie ; Dalgas, Ulrik ; Skjerbæk, Anders Guldhammer. / Test-retest agreement and reliability of the Six Spot Step Test in persons with multiple sclerosis. I: Multiple Sclerosis. 2019 ; Bind 25, Nr. 2. s. 286-294.

Bibtex

@article{9c5d6dd3b5b148daba1d428d7d9c855f,
title = "Test-retest agreement and reliability of the Six Spot Step Test in persons with multiple sclerosis",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The Six Spot Step Test (SSST) extends traditional walking outcomes in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) by further challenging components of coordination and balance. Nonetheless, the test-retest agreement of the SSST has not been investigated.OBJECTIVE: To determine the within-day, day-to-day, and inter-rater agreement and reliability of the SSST in PwMS. A secondary aim was to investigate the validity of handheld timing.METHODS: A total of 38 PwMS with an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) <6.5 completed two SSSTs with a 5-minute break in-between. After 2 days, this procedure was repeated. Bland-Altman analysis was performed to determine the 95% Limits of Agreement (LOA) and Interclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was calculated. In a subgroup of 18 PwMS, the SSSTs were video-recorded and timed by a second investigator.RESULTS: The relative LOA within and between days were ±15% and ±19%, while ICC were 0.987 and 0.983, respectively. A minor learning effect was found over four tests. The handheld timing error was ±0.5 seconds when compared to video-based timing.CONCLUSION: The SSST has an acceptable within- and between-day agreement and reliability. For interventional purposes, a change of >19% can be regarded as a real change. Valid timing can be performed by a handheld stopwatch.",
keywords = "Six Spot Step Test, limit of agreement, multiple sclerosis, reliability, timing",
author = "Jacob Callesen and Christina Richter and Cecilie Kristensen and Inger Sunesen and Marie N{\ae}sby and Ulrik Dalgas and Skjerb{\ae}k, {Anders Guldhammer}",
year = "2019",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1177/1352458517745725",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "286--294",
journal = "Multiple Sclerosis",
issn = "1352-4585",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Test-retest agreement and reliability of the Six Spot Step Test in persons with multiple sclerosis

AU - Callesen, Jacob

AU - Richter, Christina

AU - Kristensen, Cecilie

AU - Sunesen, Inger

AU - Næsby, Marie

AU - Dalgas, Ulrik

AU - Skjerbæk, Anders Guldhammer

PY - 2019/2

Y1 - 2019/2

N2 - BACKGROUND: The Six Spot Step Test (SSST) extends traditional walking outcomes in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) by further challenging components of coordination and balance. Nonetheless, the test-retest agreement of the SSST has not been investigated.OBJECTIVE: To determine the within-day, day-to-day, and inter-rater agreement and reliability of the SSST in PwMS. A secondary aim was to investigate the validity of handheld timing.METHODS: A total of 38 PwMS with an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) <6.5 completed two SSSTs with a 5-minute break in-between. After 2 days, this procedure was repeated. Bland-Altman analysis was performed to determine the 95% Limits of Agreement (LOA) and Interclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was calculated. In a subgroup of 18 PwMS, the SSSTs were video-recorded and timed by a second investigator.RESULTS: The relative LOA within and between days were ±15% and ±19%, while ICC were 0.987 and 0.983, respectively. A minor learning effect was found over four tests. The handheld timing error was ±0.5 seconds when compared to video-based timing.CONCLUSION: The SSST has an acceptable within- and between-day agreement and reliability. For interventional purposes, a change of >19% can be regarded as a real change. Valid timing can be performed by a handheld stopwatch.

AB - BACKGROUND: The Six Spot Step Test (SSST) extends traditional walking outcomes in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) by further challenging components of coordination and balance. Nonetheless, the test-retest agreement of the SSST has not been investigated.OBJECTIVE: To determine the within-day, day-to-day, and inter-rater agreement and reliability of the SSST in PwMS. A secondary aim was to investigate the validity of handheld timing.METHODS: A total of 38 PwMS with an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) <6.5 completed two SSSTs with a 5-minute break in-between. After 2 days, this procedure was repeated. Bland-Altman analysis was performed to determine the 95% Limits of Agreement (LOA) and Interclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was calculated. In a subgroup of 18 PwMS, the SSSTs were video-recorded and timed by a second investigator.RESULTS: The relative LOA within and between days were ±15% and ±19%, while ICC were 0.987 and 0.983, respectively. A minor learning effect was found over four tests. The handheld timing error was ±0.5 seconds when compared to video-based timing.CONCLUSION: The SSST has an acceptable within- and between-day agreement and reliability. For interventional purposes, a change of >19% can be regarded as a real change. Valid timing can be performed by a handheld stopwatch.

KW - Six Spot Step Test

KW - limit of agreement

KW - multiple sclerosis

KW - reliability

KW - timing

U2 - 10.1177/1352458517745725

DO - 10.1177/1352458517745725

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29260609

VL - 25

SP - 286

EP - 294

JO - Multiple Sclerosis

JF - Multiple Sclerosis

SN - 1352-4585

IS - 2

ER -